Exenatide For Type 2 Diabetes

Exenatide is an injectable type 2 diabetes medication that is used along with exercise and diet in order to control the blood glucose level. It stimulates the pancreas to produce insulin efficiently when your blood glucose level is high. Exenatide also causes a significant decrease in appetite by slowing the emptying of your stomach. However, Exenatide should not be used to treat type 1 diabetes.

Using medication and making lifestyle changes such as exercising, dieting and quitting smoking will help you improve your health and manage your diabetes. This will also decrease the chances of having a stroke, heart attack and other diabetes related complications including nerve damage, kidney failure, gum disease, and eye problems. Your health care providers will advise you on the best way you can manage your diabetes.

When to Avoid Exenatide for Diabetes.

  • You should not use Exenatide if you are on dialysis or if you have severe kidney disease, diabetic ketoacidosis or if you have slowed digestion.
  • Exenetide should not be used together with Bydureon and short-acting or fast-acting insulin.

Is Exenatide Safe?  You should tell your health care provider if you have:

  • High triglycerides
  • A history of kidney transplant or kidney disease
  • A history of gall stones or pancreatitis
  • Digestion problems
  • A history of alcoholism

Birth control pills should be taken at least 1 hour before taking this medication.  You should also tell your doctors if you are pregnant, plan on becoming pregnant or become pregnant while using Exenatide.

Exenetide is not approved for use by people younger than 18 years.

How should I use Exenetide?

Exenatide immediate release, which is also known as Byetta, comes as a liquid (solution) in a prefilled injection pen for injecting subcutaneously.

Exenatide extended release (Bydureon) (long-acting) comes in powder form which is mixed with liquid in a prefilled injection pen or a vial to inject subcutaneously.

Exenatide immediate release (Byetta) should be injected twice per day within one hour before breakfast and dinner. It should not be injected before meals and your doses should be at least six hours apart. The doctor might start you on a low dosage and may switch you to a higher dosage of Exenatide if your blood glucose control does not improve after using the initial dosage for one month. The doctor might also adjust the dosage to make sure you have the best results.

Exenatide extended release solution should be injected once per week, on the same day each week without regard to meals. Use Exenatide exactly as instructed by your doctor.

Diabetics who use Exenatide immediate release need to purchase needles separately. Your doctor will tell you the needles you should use to inject the medication. Always look at your medication before injecting it. Exenatide should be as fluid, colorless and clear as water.  Do not use Exenatide in smaller or larger amounts or for longer than prescribed. Exenatide is injected under the skin and your doctor or pharmacist should show you how injections are used and how used syringes and needles should be disposed. Exenatide (Byetta) comes in a prefilled dosing pen with a user manual showing detailed instructions for using the injection pen.

Never share a cartridge, syringe or injection pen with anyone else since this can allow diseases or infections to pass from one person to the other.

Exenatide Dosage Information:

What should I do if I miss a dose?

If you’ve not yet eaten a meal, take the missed dose immediately. However, if it’s almost time for your next dose, or if you’ve already eaten, skip the dose you’ve missed.

What should I do if I overdose?

Seek medical attention immediately.  Exenatide overdose can cause nausea, vomiting and signs of low blood sugar such as feeling shaky, dizziness, headache irritability and hunger.

What are the side effects of Exenatide?

Stop using Exenatide and seek medical help if you have:

  • Low blood sugar: sweating, irritability, feeling anxious and shaky, dizziness, hunger and fast heart rate.
  • Kidney problems: Difficult or painful urination, little or no urination, swelling in your ankles or feet, short of breath or feeling tired.
  • Pancreatitis: Severe nausea and vomiting, severe pain in the upper stomach spreading to the back, or fast heart rate.
  • Feeling jittery and weak
  • Constipation, diarrhea, heart burn.

Seek emergency medical help if you notice any signs of allergic reaction to Exenatide; rapid heartbeats, hives, difficult breathing, feeling light headed, itching, and swelling of the face, throat, tongue or lips.

What drugs that can affect Exenatide?

Your doctor might recommend that you stop using:

  • Birth control pills
  • Antibiotics
  • Blood pressure medication
  • Pain medication
  • Oral diabetes medicine or insulin
  • Warfarin (Jantoven, Coumadin)

Exenatide might make it difficult for the body to absorb oral medication. Therefore, it is vital to tell your physician about all the medication you are taking including herbal products, vitamins and over-the-counter medicines.

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How To Help a Diabetic Child Live a Normal Life

How do I help my Child with Diabetes?

Having childhood diabetes  is a tough road to have to travel, for both the Child and for the family who loves that child! It will be a real shock for you at first, however you and your family will learn to adjust to living with Diabetes. Thankfully you can make it a little easier by planning ahead and speaking openly to your child and others about their disease. How to help a diabetic child live a normal lifeThe child has nothing to be embarrassed about, and this issue should not be hidden. In fact, hiding it can be a lot more dangerous than letting everyone know, plus being open will make your child feel more normal rather than as if they have a bad secret to keep. You should still encourage your child to strive to achieve their highest goals – there are so many celebrities, rock stars, Olympic athletes and sports men and women who live with diabetes.

Plan Ahead

Every day has to be planned ahead to include meals, snacks, testing, and injections. For small children there are risks all over the place in terms of food that they cannot have. Because of this, it’s important to let your child have some planned treats occasionally so they don’t feel left out. The truth is, what’s good for your diabetic child is also good for other children.

Diabetic Kids – They’re Not That Different

Children should eat a healthy, balanced diet, stay hydrated with non-sugar sweetened beverages and get plenty of activity each day. Childhood diabetesThe only difference is that your child will need to monitor their blood sugar, and take breaks to either give themselves insulin or take medication. Oftentimes this means an adult will need to assist them.

Help your Diabetic Child by Talking to Teachers

Teachers and administrators need to know everything they can about your child’s condition. Some schools today do not have nurses on staff. Sometimes, if your child is not on a pump and you can’t leave work to administer insulin injections, the teacher will be the one to do it and it’ll be up to you to train them how to do it appropriately. Plan to spend a day or two at your child’s school so that you can go through every procedure, and watch them do it as well so that you can feel assured.

School Lunch Ideas for Kids with Diabetes.

There are so many choices really, for school lunches for Diabetic children.  Actually, it’s probably no different than what an ‘ideal’ lunch box for anyone should look like!  You need to pack fun and healthy foods that will give them enough energy to get through the day – and to help manage their blood sugar levels. Here are a few examples :

  • Hard cooked eggs
  • Rice or pasta, with some grilled chicken or fish
  • Some cubed ham or turkey, with some dipping sauces
  • Hummus with some pita bread
  • Salads with some grilled chicken
  • Baby carrots
  • Cubes of low fat cheese.
  • Yoghurt with some sliced pear
  • Crackers
  • Seedless Grapes
  • Vegetable sticks like celery, carrot or cucumber, with some hummus to dip in
  • Wrap some thin sliced roast beef, around veges, or breadsticks

Dealing with Other Children, when your child has Diabetes

How to help a diabetic child live a normal lifeIf your child has diabetes, the best way to deal with other children is to make them part of helping your child stay safe and healthy. Offer to teach your child’s class about diabetes. Bring a fun interactive presentation and make your child feel special. A nice party with appropriate and healthy food to top it off will help. This will certainly make your child feel just like all the other children in their class

 Set a Good Example for your Child with Diabetes.

Don’t eat foods in front of your child that they cannot have. Don’t have food around the house that your child cannot have. Live a healthy life along with your child, and let your home be your child’s safe place away from temptations and the feeling of being left out. It’s not right to have those things around or at the dinner table if your one of your children can’t have them.

Most children with diabetes will live long lives and maintain their health as long as they’re taught how to care for themselves appropriately. Pay attention to their meals, calculate and teach them to calculate their carbohydrates, and ensure that they get their insulin on time in accurate dosages every single day!

More information here about the Recent FDA Approval on the Bloodless Glucose Meter.

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Top 4 Diabetic Lotions to Help Increase Circulation.

Best Lotions for Diabetic Feet

Diabetes can cause deprivation of oxygen to your skin, leading to poor circulation that might lead to severe, chronic dryness, slow healing, redness, cracking and itching. This basically means that diabetics can get injured more easily and are more likely to get infections that take longer to heal. Here are some of the best lotions for diabetic feet that can help alleviate these diabetes complications:

  1. Neoteric Advanced Healing Cream

Neoteric advanced healing cream provides treatment for cracked, damaged and chronic dry skin. One of its main ingredients is TriOxygenc which helps infuse oxygen into your skin. This diabetic skin care cream is proven to speed healing and increase circulation by strengthening natural defenses of the skin. It provides instant soothing action by quickly restoring your skin to a healthier, smooth soft texture.

Main benefits

  • diabetic skin care lotionsEspecially great for feet and hands
  • Speeds healing by strengthening the natural defenses of the skin
  • Protects and restores chronic dry, damaged, cracked skin
  • Helps increase the skin’s natural collagen production and circulation
  • Promotes, healthier, stronger, more resilient skin
  • Provides therapeutic skin moisturization and protection
  • Non-greasy
  • Absorbs very easily

Best Cream for Diabetic Feet

Neoteric advanced healing cream provides exceptional skin care for people with all types of dry skin conditions including diabetes.

How to use

Apply as often as necessary or as directed by the healthcare expert or physician. Daily use is recommended to help maintain the skin’s soft, healthy appearance.

  1. Gold Bond Ultimate Hydrating Lotion – Diabetic Skin Care Lotions

With diabetes, your skin can become rough, cracked and uncomfortable. Gold bond ultimate hydrating lotion is specifically formulated for dry skin with hydralast and seven intensive moisturizers to hydrate and soothe the skin while adding a strong protective layer of moisture for up to 24 hours. Gold bond ultimate hydrating lotion is ideal for daily use and does not contain any harsh alpha hydroxyl acids that irritate the skin.

  • Foot Creams For Diabetic NeuropathyIdeal for all over body use
  • Contains aloe and essential vitamins that moisturize and nourish dry, flaky skin
  • Keeps the skin feeling and looking noticeably healthy
  • Hypoallergenic
  • Fragrance free
  • Exclusive formula that is dermatologist tested

Diabetic Cream for Feet

How to use

Apply Gold bond ultimate hydrating lotion liberally to rough, dry and problem skin areas to speed up moisturization.

  1. Eucerin Diabetics’ Skin Relief Body Lotion

Eucerin diabetics’ dry skin relief lotion is specifically designed to leave the skin feeling comfortable, hydrated and healthier all day long. This unique, non-greasy formula is enriched with alpha hydroxyl which repairs and exfoliates dry, flaky skin. Besides smoothening dry, rough skin, Eucerin diabetics’ skin relief body lotion noticeably improves overall skin condition and appearance just after one use! It is designed to repair, enhance and protect your skin, giving you the confidence that comes from healthy-looking and radiant skin.

Benefits

  • Diabetic Lotions to Help Increase CirculationThe alpha hydroxyl formula smoothens rough, dry skin after just one use
  • Fast absorbing and lightweight
  • Fragrance free
  • Clinically proven formulation that provides 24-hour moisture
  • Paraben free
  • Dermatologist recommended brand

How to use

Apply liberally over rough, dry skin every day or as recommended by the physician. Apply immediately after showering or bathing for best results.

  1. DiabetAid Pain and Tingling Relief Lotion

Diabetes can cause two main problems that hurt your legs and feet. One complication is damage to the nerves which leads to an infection or a sore. The other problem is blood flow which can make it hard for an infection or sore to heal. However, if you check for sores or cut sand wash your feet and hands with mild soap, chances of infections are greatly reduced. Sometimes you may also feel a tingling sensation in your hands and feet. Applying DiabetAid pain and Tingling Relief Lotion will relieve those uncomfortable sensations.

Benefits

  • Lotion That Helps CirculationSoothing relief for uncomfortable tingling in the feet and hands
  • Contains 4 essential moisturizers to relieve dry, rough skin
  • Does not contain any ingredients that are considered harmful or dangerous to diabetics.

How to use

Apply to affected areas daily but you should avoid applying more than 4 times per day. Children under 2 years should consult a doctor for directions and recommendations.

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Top 6 Diabetic Neuropathy Treatments to Ease Your Nerve Pain

What is Diabetic Nerve Pain?

One of the most common complications of diabetes is damage to the autonomic or peripheral nerves, commonly known as neuropathy. Besides causing losses in motor and sensory function, diabetic neuropathy can also lead to foot ulcers and debilitating pain which may lead to amputation. Although conventional treatment of neuropathy is limited to good nail and foot hygiene, early detection of ulcers and the use of strong pain killers such as opioids and antipileptics, studies have found that some nutritional supplements are capable of reversing diabetic neuropathy.

  1. Acetyl-L-Carnitine – A Neuropathy Supplement

Acetyl-L-Carnitine is a nutritional supplement that can bring relief to diabetic neuropathy sufferers. Studies show that patients who are treated with Acetyl-L-Carnitine show significant improvement in NCV (nerve conduction velocity), pain and amplitude.

The greatest improvements in nerve conduction velocity are usually seen in the motor peroneal nerve, the sensory ulnar nerve and in the sensory sural nerve. On the other hand, the greatest change in amplitude was in the mortal peroneal nerve. Besides improving nerve function, acetyl-l-carnitine also stimulates nerve fiber regeneration. Take 500 mg to 1000 mg per day.

  1. Alpha Lipoic Acid

This extraordinary antioxidant has been shown to improve numbness, burning, diabetic pain and other symptoms of neuropathy. Antioxidants have proven to be very important particularly because diabetes unleashes free-radical damage in the body which leads to nerve and vascular damage that underline various diabetic complications. Take 600 mg to 1200 mg of Alpha Lipoic Acid per day.

  1. Biotin for Diabetic Nerve Pain Relief

High doses of biotin may improve the symptoms and complications of diabetic neuropathy within 5 to 8 weeks. This is attributable to enzyme pyruvate carboxylase which is biotin-dependent and it helps prevent the depletion of aspartate and the accumulation of pyruvate. Both play very important roles in nervous system function.

  1. Exercise and Physical Therapy Treatment for Diabetic Neuropathy

One of the best ways to manage diabetes symptoms is exercise because it helps patients maintain healthy weight, control high blood pressure and blood sugar symptoms, improve range of motion, and increase strength in addition to other numerous benefits of regular exercise.

The Journal of Diabetes Complications published a study in 2012 that found that exercise increased intra-epidermal nerve fiber branching and also caused significant reduction in pain and other diabetic neuropathic symptoms. You can work your way up gradually to exercising for about 30 to 60 minutes per day, doing different low-impact exercises such as walking, swimming and cycling. treatment for Diabetic neuropathyThis will lower blood glucose and help your body respond to exercise better. On the other hand, exercise helps protect nerves by lowering stress, reducing cholesterol and improving circulation which can increase inflammation by raising your glucose levels.

Physical therapy is also very important in the treatment for diabetic neuropathy –  because it improves daily functioning by increasing mobility and muscle strength. You can talk to your doctor or physical therapist about any pain you might be experiencing so they can recommend special orthopedic shoes and inserts, which will improve your ability to get around by reducing the symptoms of diabetic neuropathy.

  1. Capsaicin Cream

Capsaicin cream blocks pain signals by using ingredients found in hot pepper. However, you should keep in mind that capsaicin products can cause skin irritation in some patients. Capsaicin cream is also available as a patch, jelly or lotion and you can simply apply the cream to areas where diabetic pain is strong in order to relieve pain.

You should talk to your physician before using any treatments based on capsaicin because some capsaicin products can cause dangerous side effects on sensitive or irritated skin and opens sores.  The skin might also be more sensitive to different sources of heat including the sun. Therefore, it’s extremely important to avoid excessive exposure to heat or sunlight when using capsaicin lotions and creams.

  1. Lower Diabetic Nerve Pain Naturally

In case you have already developed diabetic neuropathy and are looking for effective ways to improve daily function and lower pain, you’ll be very glad to learn that various natural ingredients can help. Several anti-oxidants and antioxidants lower pain and stop nerve damage from progression. These natural remedies include:

  • Evening primrose oil: This anti-infhlammatory helps lower burning, tingling and neuropathy numbness. You can take 360 milligrams of evening primrose oil daily.
  • Chromium picolinate: It improves insulin sensitivity. Patients should take 360 milligrams per day.
  • Cinnamon: Helps stabilize blood glucose. Try using cinnamon oil and add 1 or 2 teaspoons to your meals daily.
  • Vitamin B12: Most diabetes patients seem to be low in this vital nutrient, which worsens nerve damage.

These natural treatments for diabetic neuropathy have proven to be highly effective and reliable. However, it can take sometimes for diabetes neuropathy to see improvements. Therefore, it’s extremely essential to be patient and try various different combinations until you find true relief.

More information on Diabetic Nerve Pain and how to treat it.

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Top 3 Non Invasive Glucose Meters 2016

Here’s the latest on the Top 3 Non Invasive Glucose Monitors 2016

The routine activity of pricking fingers to monitor blood glucose levels is quite hectic for most people with diabetes. Despite this dreadful daily process, the management and control of diabetes is very important.  Fortunately, new glucose meters that don’t require blood, for checking blood glucose levels are being developed by numerous companies around the globe, as we speak – welcome relief  for many, many diabetes sufferers.

  1. FreeStyle Libre 

FreeStyle Libre by Abbott is an entirely new glucose monitoring concept that provides much greater data than CGM (continuous glucose monitors). The readings are provided by simply scanning a sensor instead of pricking your finger.

Main advantages of FreeStyle Libre

  • Lightweight and compact to carry around
  • It provides a graph of how glucose levels are varying just like a CGM (Continuous Glucose Monitor)
  • Users can see how much results are trending downwards or upwards by simply scanning the sensor.
  • The FreeStyle Libre sensor is waterproof for 30 minutes in up to 1 meter.
  • More affordable than continuous glucose monitors.
  • The backlit color touch screen can be read in the dark

One of the main benefits of FreeStyle Libre is that it stores up to 90 days of data and you can easily analyze your glucose trend over three months.

See the latest news and Approvals for Freestyle Libre USA. Here

For Freestyle Libre Australia Updates, Click Here.

  1. GlucoWise

GlucoWise allows the concentration of blood sugar to be measured at the blood capillary level. Blood glucose levels are measured by a non-invasive technique by transmitting low-power radio waves (65 GHz) sections of the body such as the earlobe or between the forefinger and thumb. Besides having adequate blood supply, the tissue in these areas is thin enough for the radio waves to pass through.

The radio signals are received by a receiver that collects and analyzes data about the characteristics of your blood. User data is digitally encrypted and transmitted via Bluetooth 4.0 to ensure that user data is never shared with third parties. Data can also be uploaded to secure online database or transmitted to computers using a USB port. Although GlucoWise is still in development, it is expected to be available in late 2016.

  1. Dexcom G5 CGM mobile system

    Dexcom G5 is a CGM (continuous glucose monitoring) system that is approved for both adults and children two years and older. Dexcom G5 mobile uses Bluetooth technology that is built into a transmitter that allows for remote viewing of blood glucose levels and trends from compatible smart devices. Users can monitor glucose data by using a Dexcom mobile receiver or the Dexcom G5 mobile app. Bloodless Glucose Meter

Benefits of the Dexcom G5 mobile system

  • Its small sensor measures blood sugar levels just underneath your skin.
  • The transmitter is secured on top of the sensor in order to send in order to send data to your receiver or compatible smart device.
  • Either the Dexcom receiver or a compatible mobile device will display glucose trends in a colorful display so you can easily see when it’s within range, high or low.

With Dexcom G5, users will be alerted directly on their smart devices when they’re heading too high or too low. Moreover, alerts can be customized to appear as text messages for additional privacy and discretion.

Fantastic news, for the diabetes industry, and for everyone patiently waiting in the Diabetes Community too!

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A Game Changer for Diabetics! FreeStyle Libre

FreeStyle Libre Flash Glucose Monitoring System is a revolutionary glucose monitoring concept that provides greater data and convenience than blood glucose testing. Moreover, it is more affordable than CGM (Continous Glucose Monitors).  Abbot FreeStyle Libre is a bloodless glucose meter that provides instant glucose readings by simply scanning a sensor instead of pricking your finger! This is great news for the Diabetes Community patiently waiting for these developments.

Non Invasive Glucose Meter: How does it work?

Freestyle Libre features a tiny, flexible glucose sensor (0.2mm long) that is worn just under the skin and attached to a round, water resistant on-body patch. The sensor is the size of a one-dollar coin and it remains in place for 14 days. Additionally it’s factory calibrated and it will begin reading glucose and relaying data one hour after putting it on the upper arm. The device is approved for use except in three cases where the normal finger-stick is recommended; when glucose changes rapidly, when hypoglycemic and when your symptoms don’t match the readings provided by the system.

Most people who participated in patient trials of the devices rated the application of the fiber sensor as painless or less painless compared to traditional CGM (continuous glucose monitor). Moreover, the insertion process is very simple and it does not require any training. The insertion process takes about 15 seconds and it can be done even with one hand.

Using the FreeStyle Libre Flash Glucose Monitoring System

Take the touchscreen reader and hold it near (within an inch) the round sensor disc, and wait for the reader to beep. You will get your real-time glucose value in less than a second and you can also see your glucose trend arrow and a trend graph that shows the last 8 hours of data. You can also download reports from your reader device to your MAC or any other PC compatible software.

Therefore, besides getting glucose readings as you would with the conventional blood glucose meters, you can also see whether your glucose levels have started going down, up or are unstable.

Although the upper arm might seem like an annoying and very noticeable location, the round sensor is conveniently small and light, so you’ll soon forget that you’re even wearing it. The sensor comes with strong adhesive in order to ensure that it stays intact on your skin for the entire 14-day period. Despite the activity you engage in, FreeStyle libre will not require any additional taping. However, Abbott is actively pursuing approval for various alternate wear locations that are more discreet (e.g., thigh, stomach).

How do you scan the sensor disc to obtain data?

Unlike continuous glucose monitors (CGM), the device must be scanned using the reader to obtain data (real time value, trend and graph,) because it does not continuously send real time data to the touchscreen reader. The sensor stores 8 hours of data at a time with the values being taken every minute.

The FreeStyle Libre Flash Glucose Monitoring System has an outstanding scanning process that takes an average of two seconds. You simply need to touch the button on the screen reader to turn it on and bring up the sensor menu.

From there, hold the reader an inch from the sensor to obtain the real time glucose value, trend and past 8 hours of glucose data. The data is displayed on a clear and simple line graph.

Scanning takes 1 to 2 seconds and works through several layers regular clothing. This allows for excellent flexibility and discretion. On the other hand, you can tags to scans such as exercise, insulin carbs and customizable options right from the home screen.

Scanning the sensor patch is associated with a certain cool factor, psychological pleasure and fun quality. Additionally, the scans are accompanied by an inspiring ‘ding’ sound that is followed by the immediate display of data on your reader. This will help you beat and forget the hassles associated with traditional blood glucose tests. This is largely because there is no cost associated with additional glucose scans and there is no limit to the number of scans you can take.

When will the Freestyle Libre be available in the US?

FreeStyle Libre Flash (real time) Glucose Monitoring System version is currently available in most European countries and in Australia where it was approved by the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) early this year (February 2016). However, it’s not clear when FreeStyle libre will launch in the United States. Since Abbot has not yet submitted the device to the FDA, it likely won’t be available until 2017 or even later. However, the FreeStyle Libre pro is hoping to get approval from the FDA anytime now  – since it has been under review by the FDA since 2015.

Bookmark this site, to return for regular updates on the Bloodless Glucose Meter.

FreeStyle Libre Pro Now HAS FDA APPROVAL  – IN THE US – READ MORE HERE!

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FDA Approved – Abbot’s FreeStyle Pro Bloodless Glucose Meter

Abbot’s FreeStyle Libre Pro System Receives FDA Approval For Medical Practitioners To Use With Diabetes Patients.

On 28th September 2016, Abbot announced that the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) had approved the FreeStyle Libre Pro System, a bloodless glucose monitor for use by healthcare professionals on diabetes patients.

The system is designed to empower physicians to provide better management of diabetes. The system provides physicians with a clear visual snapshot of blood glucose data, commonly known as AGP (Ambulatory Glucose Profile). Besides giving a more clear and simplified view of the blood glucose levels, healthcare providers can also see and analyze trends and patterns within those glucose levels. This information has proven to be very valuable because it helps doctors make customized treatment plans for diabetes patients and at a lower cost compared to other continuous glucose monitoring products available in the market today.

FreeStyle Libre Pro makes a massive transformation in the way healthcare providers assess diabetes patients especially when it comes to critical decisions around nutrition, medication and insulin. This innovative technology provides a viable solution to the challenges that come with the need for dependable and complete blood glucose data. This data is vital for the doctor to help the patient achieve optimal health.

How does the FreeStyle Libre Pro System Work?

The FreeStyle Libre Pro system is applied to diabetes patients by healthcare practitioners in a hospital or clinic setting. The doctor applies a very small sensor on the back of the diabetes patient’s upper arm. The round water resistant sensor is held firmly in place with an adhesive pad and remains on the patient’s arm for 14 days. During this period, the device does not require any patient interaction or the need for patients to calibrate the sensor or draw blood via a fingerstick.

The sensor measures glucose continuously in interstitial fluid via a very small filament that is usually inserted just under the patient’s skin. This enables the sensor to record glucose in 15 minutes intervals capturing about 1,340 blood glucose results in the 14-day period. The patient returns to the physician after 14 days where the physician will scan the sensor using a FreeStyle Libre Pro reader and download the glucose results stored in the patient’s sensor. The 14 days’ worth of blood glucose results can be scanned and downloaded in as little as 5 seconds.

Advantages of the FreeStyle Libre Pro System compared to other CGM systems

  1. Provides reliable blood glucose data

Doctors receive 14 days’ worth of continuous blood glucose data that is based on uninterrupted day-to-day routines of diabetes patients.

  1. Convenient for patients and doctors

Since the FreeStyle Libre Pro does not require any fingerstick calibrations, there is no need for diabetes patients to be trained on calibration. Once the sensor has been applied, there is no need for patients to interact with the system in any way.

  1. Reduces equipment cost and time

Besides costing less than other CGM products, with the FreeStyle Libre Pro system the physician only needs to buy one specific reader for several patients without the need to spend on extra transmitters, receivers and recorders, or devoting time to disinfect or recharge other components.

Ambulatory Glucose Profile report

The system provides physicians and their patients with an AGP (Ambulatory Glucose Profile) report. The report was developed by the International Diabetes center and it is represented in a user-friendly chart that provides physicians with a complete glycemic view of the patient’s blood glucose trend for the past 14 days.

The Ambulatory Glucose Profile Report helps identify when patients are out of the ideal blood glucose range and provides hyperglycemic and hypoglycemic patterns and trends. These useful insights facilitate meaningful discussions between patients and doctors. This is groundbreaking technology primarily because professional CGM systems have been long considered an expensive and cumbersome technology particularly for Type 1 diabetes patients.

The new FreeStyle Libre Pro technology is here to change this paradigm because it’s not only unique but also because it does not require fingerstick calibration, it’s more affordable, easier to use and more accessible to diabetes patients.

Abbot has also submitted the FreeStyle Libre Pro system consumer version for review by the FDA. The consumer version of the system is a CGM system that measures blood glucose levels through a very small sensor on the back of the patient’s upper arm for 14 days. Moreover, it does not require fingerstick calibration and patients can self-monitor their blood glucose levels by simply scanning the reader over the small sensor to get a reading as often as desired.

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Manage Your Weight With This Diabetes Diet Plan

The 5:2 intermittent fasting diet is gaining in popularity because of the way it works. Not only is it a simple program to follow, if followed correctly it will actually help you to lose weight.

The simplicity comes from the cycle it works on. In a seven day stretch you eat normally for five days and fast on two non-consecutive days. On your fasting days you reduce your calorie consumption to 25-percent of your normal level. This eliminates the need to follow a strict diet plan, which may require you to purchase pre-packaged meals and careful measuring and calculating each and everything you intend to consume. The program is successful because it is flexible and can be used any time.

 An Easy Diet Plan to Follow

5:2 fasting diet plan Provided you are already eating a relatively well-balanced diet, fasting for two out of seven days is not as difficult as it may sound. In fact, the meals you prepare for fasting days will be nutritious, delicious and satisfying. The 5:2 fasting diet plan is not a starvation diet – it is an eating program that promotes healthy eating and this is what leads to weight loss. The 5:2 fasting diet is also beneficial to individuals who have diabetes.

 How the 5:2 Fasting Diet Benefits Diabetics

 In addition to assisting with weight loss, the intermittent 5:2 diet plan has been proven through various studies to reduce the body’s resistance to insulin. For borderline diabetics or individuals with Type 2 diabetes, this is an interesting discovery. Because insulin sensitivity is increased by this fasting diet, individuals not using blood sugar reducing medications will benefit most on this program. The fasting diet is therefore a good choice for people with a Body Mass Index of over 25 or are diagnosed as being borderline diabetics or with Type 2 diabetes.

 The Proof is in the Results

 Of particular interest to diabetics is the mechanics behind the way the body reacts on fasting days. As the body is forced to burn energy stored in the body (fat and glycogen sugars) it improves the levels of cholesterol and blood glucose while burning away excess weight. Additional benefits found in studies on the fasting diet show it will decrease triglyceride and blood pressure levels.

 There Are More Benefits to This Diet

Intermittent fasting has been examined under a microscope frequently and more studies verify that it has many benefits including weight loss, insulin sensitivity, lowering blood pressure and cholesterol. Recent research has shown that fasting diets increase life expectancy and lower the risk of certain diseases including possibly cancer. However long term research is still required to link cancer risk reduction the 5:2 diabetes diet plan.

Precautions to Keep In Mind With This Diabetes Diet Plan

 As is the case with any kind of weight loss program, you are advised to seek the approval of a medical professional before starting this eating plan. This is to determine whether or not you may experience complications from a pre-existing condition. Once your doctor gives you the okay, the plan is simple to start and will produce results.

When you are ready to get started, make sure you check out this guide for some great tips and advice on the 5:2 intermittent fasting diet.

How to Succeed with a Fasting Program

 The most successful diet programs are the ones that are easy to understand and simple to follow. This also means that once you commit to this program, you will be required to stick to it in order to see results. Based on the number of people who have lost weight and kept it off by fasting, you are guaranteed to see a change if you are committed and stick to this fasting diet eating plan.

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Stress and Diabetes

Can Stress Cause Diabetes?

Actually having diabetes in itself, is a major source of stress. Many diabetics have much higher rates of anxiety and depression, and learning to deal with this and reducing stress in your day to day activities, is vital.

Your body is essentially a hormone factory. Whenever you are stressed – whether it’s good or bad stress – your body releases different types of hormones to help you out. For example, it will release adrenaline to give you more energy. Along with these, your liver, muscles and fat will also release glucose.  If you have chronic stress you can end up with a situation where your body is releasing too much hormone, and too much glucose, too often.

Diabetes and Stress is not a good scenario. If you’re chronically under stress it can make it difficult to control your diabetes. If you are worried about things such as paying the bills, taking care of your children, passing tests, and other life situations, you could be harming your health more than you know with the added additional and frequent releases of hormones into your blood stream. Like drugs, you can actually get addicted to these hormones too.

Who Is in Control?

stress and diabetesIn Life, the Truth, and Being Free , the author Steve Maraboli states, “You must learn to let go. Release the stress. You were never in control anyway.” In many cases this is true, but in others you really do have some control over the stress in your life.

The trick is to figure out which things you have control over and which things you do not. A good way to judge is to determine who must do the change or action to make it different. If it’s not you, you have no control over it, and you must let it go. If it is you, then you have to face it and do what it takes to change.

Even if it’s something you have no control over, you do have control over your reaction to the situation. Learn to take time to assess a situation, determine who is in control, and then control what you can. If someone is being bossy or demanding, just react differently to it than you normally would. Take a deep breath, count to ten and move on. You can control your thoughts and your actions in a way that reduces your stress.

Stress and DiabetesIf you do have direct control over something such as your weight and what you eat, then it’s time to face the facts that only you can truly make a change here. If your poor eating habits are causing you to be unhealthy, instead of letting it add stress to your life, work on creating new habits one day at a time. Each meal or each day that you make the best choices for yourself and your health, you’ll be less stressed about that issue.

Stress and Diabetes: Steps You Can Take to Reduce Stress

 

* Learn coping skills – Read books about developing coping skills or, if you can, seek some professional help through a counselor or life coach.

* Meditate – This isn’t hokey, and it’s not strange; meditation and prayer are proved to keep you calmer, long after.

*Exercise – Moving around a little every day releases feel-good endorphins that can help you feel more at peace during and after exercise.

* Try something new – Sometimes it helps to break out of your everyday life to let go of stress. Join a local group, try a new hobby, take a class, volunteer.

* Breathe and count – During a stressful event, teach yourself to check your breathing. So many people literally hold their breath at all times of the day. Count to three (or ten if you need it) and breathe normally and mindfully.

* Relax – Take time each day to just relax, read a good book, watch a TV show or documentary and just be.

By incorporating these things into your life and being aware of who exactly is in control of your life, you will go far in reducing the stress in your life and at the same time, reducing the effects of stress on diabetes.

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Can a Low GI Diet Prevent Diabetes?

Low GI Diet for Diabetics

A low GI diet for Diabetics suggests that foods with a low GI rating are helpful for keeping blood glucose levels steady. By eating foods that have a low glycemic index, you can lose excess weight and reduce the risk of developing diabetes and other diseases.  A low GI diet for diabetics, encourages eating plenty of carbohydrates and unrefined foods which won’t spike blood glucose levels because they take longer to digest. High GI foods such as white rice and potatoes raise blood glucose levels quickly, while low GI foods such as oatmeal, quinoa, nuts and cottage cheese generally lead to satiety and weight loss.

How does the Glycemic Index work?

On the glycemic chart, foods and beverages are ranked according to their impact on blood sugar levels. The glycemic index chart only rates foods with carbohydrates mainly because they have the greatest impact on blood sugar. Most refined and processed foods such as white bread are generally given a high glycemic rating. Such foods are digested rapidly and increase both blood sugar levels and insulin very quickly. On the other hand, low glycemic foods and drinks contain more fiber and nutrients, are harder to digest, and they don’t cause blood sugar spikes.

Glycemic Index Range for Diabetics

  • High glycemic index (70 and above): donuts, baked potatoes, watermelon, instant white rice, pretzel, French fries and plain white bread.Low GI Diet for Diabetics,
  • Medium (Between 59 and 69): Mangoes, corn chips, raisins, bananas, raw pineapple and papaya.
  • Low GI (59 and bellow): Apple, skim milk, kidney beans, peanuts, lentils and strawberries.

The main aim of a low GI diet for diabetics is to consume complex carbohydrates with healthy fats and lean protein to keep digestion steady and slow in order to improve the feeling of fullness. It encourages avoiding processes foods that are broken down into glucose very fast, which triggers a hormonal response that signals hunger. This is a vicious cycle for most dieters who are trying to limit calorie intake.

Sample List of Low GI Foods for Diabetics

  • Fruits and vegetables

Although fruits and vegetables are very rich in carbohydrates, most of them are considered low GI. Low GI fruits and vegetables include blueberries, peaches, plums, fig, mandarin oranges, pear, cherries, raspberries, broccoli, asparagus, Swiss chard, mushrooms, spinach,  eggplant, green beans, yellow squash, chick peas, cabbage, fresh lima beans, artichokes, lettuce, turnip greens, carrots, tomatoes, yams and zucchini.

Since fruits and vegetables such as pineapple, watermelon, parsnips and pumpkins are high on the GI, they should be consumed in moderation.

  • Legumes

Legumes are very rich in fiber, protein, minerals and vitamins and are low GI foods. These foods include black beans, kidney beans, pinto beans, black-eyed peas, navy beans, lentils, chick peas, peanuts, soy beans, split peas and white beans among others.

  • Whole grains

Low GI foods for Diabetics Since whole grain foods are rich in soluble fiber, they help regulate the rate at which glucose is released into the blood. Whole grains are also rich in minerals, vitamins and protein. Examples include oat bran, buckwheat kasha, pearled barley, quinoa, oatmeal, brown rice, bulgur, rye bread, whole-grain bread, pumpernickel bread, and whole-wheat pasta. People with diabetes should avoid refined grains such as baguettes, white rolls and white bread.

  • Dairy products

Examples of low GI dairy products include low-fat yogurt, almond milk, soy milk, cheddar cheese, Gouda, mozzarella cheese, ricotta, low-fat ice cream, and cottage cheese.

  • Omega-3 foods

Some examples include wild salmon, flax, avocado, oysters, almonds, sunflower seeds, olive oil, walnuts, pecans, and tuna.

Factors affecting glycemic index

The glycemic index depends on cooking methods, variety of food products, processing and ripeness of fruits. Riper fruits generally have high GI. On the other hand processed juices generally have a higher GI compared to fresh fruit juices because processed juices contain sugar additives. When it comes to variety, short grain brown rice has a lower GI compared to short grain white rice.

So – Can a low GI Diet Prevent Diabetes?

People with pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes can select low GI foods using the glycemic index chart. Although there is no quick solution for reversing or managing diabetes, regular exercise and a healthy diabetic diet go a long way towards this goal. When diabetics lose 5 to 10% of their weight, they also reduce their blood glucose levels significantly.

Read more about: The Aktins Diet. 

Here’s to a Healthier Life!

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