What are the Borderline Diabetes Symptoms?

Do you know what borderline diabetes symptoms are? Diabetes is high blood glucose, or ‘blood sugar’ as it is commonly called. This is because of the body’s failure to produce the correct amounts of insulin, which is a chemical used to convert the glucose (sugar) into fuel.

When insulin levels are down, glucose levels are up and this can cause serious damage. Diabetes, and even borderline diabetes problems are kidney failure, blindness, heart disease, and nerve damage. All of which cause a painful life in the end. So how do you detect diabetes or pre-diabetes and stop or reverse it?

What is prediabetesWhat is Pre-Diabetes?

People with pre-diabetes have higher than average blood sugars levels but are not at high enough levels to be diagnosed with diabetes. Still the high amounts can still cause damage. Pre-diabetes gives you a large chance of developing borderline type 2 diabetes. This makes you highly susceptible to strokes and heart disease. There are two tests that the doctor may give you if diabetes or pre-diabetes is suspected.

The fasting glucose test and glucose tolerance test are used to determine if you have it.

Borderline diabetes symptoms should be known and a talk with your doctor may inform you more. If you suspect that you have diabetes or pre-diabetes talk to your doctor and get tested!

79 million people in the United States have pre-diabetes and many people will develop type two diabetes because of their lack of knowledge. Much of this could be stopped if people knew what to look for and would talk to their doctor. Once you have noticed your borderline diabetes symptoms you can talk to your doctor and see how to reverse it. A borderline diabetes diet may bring you back to normal levels and keep you from getting type 2 diabetes.

So learn more about borderline diabetes symptoms and ask the doctor if you’re at risk for pre-diabetes.

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Diabetic Diet Facts

The food you choose to eat, can be powerfully important for your overall health and well being.Your diet can make an enormous difference to cholesterol, blood pressure and blood glucose levels.

 The diabetic meal plan is designed to help control blood sugar levels, the less fluctuation, especially rapid release of glucose in the blood is an important aspect of blood sugar control in patients with diabetes mellitus.
It was once thought that the diabetes diet was focused mainly around just cutting out sugar from your diet. However more recently it seems the recommendations for a good diabetic diet focus on a more healthy eating plan high in fibre and low in saturated fats, including a moderate amount of whole grain carbohydrates.
Moreover, a small amount of sugar isn’t a problem, as we now understand that the foods rich in starchy carbohydrates cause more of an increase in blood sugar levels than does sugar.

Some Interesting FACTS to help with Diabetic Meal Planning

diabetic diet facts 1. A good diabetic diet should be a balanced meal plan tailored to your needs, tastes, lifestyles and activity level while aiming to provide all the diabetic needs while keeping the blood sugar as near normal as possible.
2. Not all so called “sugar free” foods are calorie free. There really is a lot of ‘marketing gimmicks’ out there. Some food products that are labeled sugar free, also contain carbohydrates which is in the form of starch. This will certainly increase your blood glucose levels. Choose starchy foods such as whole grains, as they are high in fibre.

3.  Fat Facts!  Fat doesn’t directly impact blood glucose levels, however if your meal does contain a large amount of fat, this can certainly cause the stomach to empty at a much slower rate and slow down the digestion of carbohydrates. Your blood glucose levels will stay higher for longer, which in turn makes it more difficult to keep your levels within the desired range.

4. When you are experiencing a Hypoglycemia episode, don’t treat that as a good excuse to just go eating your favorite sweet treats uncontrollably. This will cause your blood glucose levels to spike.

If you experience Hypoglycemia, it should be treated with approximately 15-20 g of carbohydrates (This would be for a reading of <4.9 mmol/L. Best to choose a fast acting carb – for instance jellied sweets, soda or juice.

5.  Can I eat more protein, but cut down on carbohydrate? If you eat an excessive amount of anything, ie protein, you will also increase the level of fat that you consume and undoubtedly gain weight.

6.  Diabetics should certainly eat fruits. Fruits are very good sources of fibre, antioxident vitamins and minerals, although they do contain carbohydrates. Aim for just 2 pieces of fresh fruit per day. (not canned)

Remember that a key objective of a diabetic diet is to reduce weight and keep it off, so a well planned diet is vital for the treatment of diabetes. Moreover, losing weight may not cure your diabetes, but will certainly help to control your levels which will improve your insulin resistance.

Have you ever tried Acupuncture to help your diabetes?

Top 5 New diabetes devices – Check them out!

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Acupuncture Therapy For Diabetes

Acupuncture is a practice that mainly involves insertion of thin needles (4 to 25 mm long) into the skin on specific points in the body in order to prevent illness and improve health and general well-being.

The practice originated in China more than 2,000 years ago and it’s one of the oldest medical practices known to man. The stimulation of sensory nerves results in the release of vital chemicals including endorphins.

Studies show that acupuncture treatment may reduce nerve pain and improve peripheral diabetic neuropathy.

Acupuncture Therapy Procedure

Acupuncture Therapy For Diabetes After inserting (4-20) thin needles into specific areas in your body, the acupuncturist may leave them in for about 30 minutes or manipulate them via electric stimulation or with his hands.

However, different people describe the experience in different ways. Although some people report mild pain (a dull, throbbing sensation) especially during needle insertion, most patients report no pain whatsoever.

Some people become relaxed following the procedure, while others feel a burst of energy.

Follow-up treatments usually occur over a period of several months or weeks. However, treatments are customized to each patient’s symptoms and needs.

Benefits of Acupuncture for Diabetes

  • Reduces pain and discomfort by regulating endocrine function

Diabetes mainly stems from the endocrine system because these hormones are mainly responsible for triggering organs to control our blood sugar levels. Acupuncture stimulates endorphins which block pain and trigger positive feelings in the body.

  • Regulate sugar levels

Acupuncture regulates cortisol, a hormone which stimulates the body to feel stress. Studies show that the hormonal reaction triggered by acupuncture helps balance parts of the body that are unable to regulate blood glucose levels on their own. Therefore, unlike most pharmaceutical treatments, acupuncture helps regulate blood sugar levels without the risk of dangerous side effects.

Other Benefits of Acupuncture for T1D (Type 1 Diabetes) include:

  • Decreasing depression and anxiety
  • Preserving nerve function and alleviating painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy
  • Increasing gastropareisis (gastric emptying time)
  • Increasing circulation
  • Increasing range of motion especially in musculoskeletal conditions such as trigger finger and frozen shoulder
  • Reduce the release of glucagons by the pancreas
  • Reduce the urge to eat too much (polyphagia), excessive thirst (polydipsia) excessive urination (polyuria)
  • Prevent myocardial contractility and microcirculation
  • Normalize vascular peripheral resistance and enhance blood outflow
  • Enhance immunomodulating antioxidant and antiatherogenic effects
  • Stimulate secretion of beta-endorphin
  • Elevate pain threshold
  • Increase neuropeptide Y levels and cell proliferation
  • Reduce antheroscelerosis of the limbs

Acupuncture also supports the immune system’s ability to fight off viruses and colds. As we all know, illnesses can cause fluctuations in blood glucose levels especially for people suffering from Type 1 Diabetes.

How does Acupuncture Work?

Although the mechanisms of acupuncture are not fully understood, studies show that acupuncture stimulates the body’s regulatory systems to produce chemicals that reduce inflammation and pain, trigger the secretion of neurotransmitters and neurohormones in order to restore homeostasis.

On the other hand, the blood glucose lowering effects are due to the regulation of cortisol, a hormone that stimulates the liver to produce glucose and by reducing the concentration of fatty acids in the blood, which increases insulin sensitivity.

Does Acupuncture have any Shortcomings or Risks for Diabetes?

Recent studies and clinical trials of acupuncture therapy for diabetes have proven that acupuncture does not have any serious risk. However, this does not mean that acupuncture is for everyone.

As Mayo Clinic points out, although diabetes can be controlled and treated, there’s no diabetes cure. Therefore, if you’re unable to manage diabetes symptoms through lifestyle choices and diet, you’ll need insulin therapy.

There are a few general risks associated with acupuncture treatment that we should be aware of. Some of the side effects of acupuncture include bruises, soreness, and minor bleeding where the needles have been inserted.

All needles must be removed after the procedure as this could have serious adverse effects. On the other hand, if you have a bleeding condition like vitamin K deficiency, are pregnant or have a blood disease such as HIV or hepatitis, acupuncture might not be the best treatment option for you.

Guidelines for Acupuncture Therapy for Diabetes:

Acupuncture treatment usually includes the following:

  • During your initial appointment, the acupuncturist will ask you detailed questions about your diabetes condition and specific symptoms.
  • Your practitioner will ask you questions about your pain levels, diet, health goals and lifestyle. Your acupuncturist might also ask questions about stress, relationships and any other area of your life that has a holistic impact on your condition.
  • After the initial consultation, the treatment procedure usually takes approximately 30 minutes. Your acupuncturist will most likely recommend that you go for treatments twice per week to see how your body is reacting.

If everything goes well, your practitioner will probably drop your treatment appointments to twice a month.

Remember, the first and most important treatment for diabetes is a healthy lifestyle which generally includes a sustainable and pleasurable habit of stress management, nutrition and physical activities. This is the starting point of a holistic and integrative approach to diabetes and other chronic medical conditions.

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Top 5 New Diabetes Devices Expected In 2017

The soon-to-launch diabetes products have made this period quite exciting especially in diabetes history. Progress is happening faster that we had anticipated. This new slew of products will make living with diabetes less of a hassle by improving glucose outcomes with fewer fingersticks and injections, less data overload, less math less worry and less pain.

New diabetes Technology 2017 Most emerging diabetes technology shows great potential in improving the quality of life for people with diabetes. We were astonished in September, 2016 when the FDA approved the world’s first sensor/pump system that doses insulin on its own. This new system known as Medtronic Diabetes’ MiniMed 670G has paved the path for new diabetes technology and many similar products. Most emerging diabetes technology and devices show great potential especially in improving glucose outcomes that really matter, among them hyperglycemia, time-in-range, A1c and hypoglycemia.

Therefore, we highly anticipate that this year will bring a number of milestone devices such as the OneTouch Via and the Medtronic MiniMed 670G system. Let’s explore some of the most exciting devices and tech expected to be available to the public in 2017:

  1. Abbott’s Freestyle Libre and Freestyle Libre Pro

The novel FreeStyle Libre FGM (Flash Glucose Monitoring) technology is expected to hit the United States market in 2017. The real-time version is already available in Europe and the Pro (blinded) version of the 14-day glucose sensor that doesn’t require any fingersticks is expected to come to the United States imminently. Once inserted, the sensor measures glucose levels every 15 minutes without the need for patient interaction or the need to do fingerpricks manually in order to calibrate the device. This will enable doctors to better understand blood sugar patterns. Abbott Freestyle Libre combines non-invasive technology with existing continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) and fingerstick testing.

Freestyle Libre also uses a sensor but it comes with a small hand held device to view trends and data in real time. Therefore, the system consists of a round white sensor that can be conveniently worn on the skin and a small receiver which is waved over the sensor in order to wirelessly pick up blood glucose readings.

This eliminates the need for test strips which can be very expensive. The Professional Version of Abbot Freestyle version received FDA clearance for doctor’s offices in 2016. The patient’s community is also quite psyched up because the

  1. Dexcom Touchscreen Receiver with Android capability

In a bid to improve the G5 CGM experience, Dexcom has submitted a handful of new exciting tools to the FDA for approval. These tools include:

  • Reduced-size G5 transmitter: The new transmitter will be smaller and more compact than the current version.
  • Touchscreen receiver: This is an upgraded version of what Dexcom is currently offering. The new Dexcom receiver will improve on speaker and durability issues.
  • One button insertion device: The prototype images available show that the new one-button insertion device resembles the Medtronic Enlite Sensor Inserter and it can also be operated with just one hand.
  • Next Generation G6 sensor: The G6 might be launched in late 2017. This will be a significant step forward in continuous glucose monitoring technology with 10 days of comfortable wear instead of 7 and one day calibration instead of the current two. Next Generation G6 Sensor will also have improved reliability and accuracy. We are quite optimistic given how fast the FDA has approved D-tech especially in recent years.

With the new Dexcom Touchscreen Receiver, android users will be able to view and analyze their CGm data on their phones via an Android app.

  1. Medtronic’s MiniMed 670G

This revolutionary insulin pump uses a hybrid closed loop system to obtain data from CGM in order to tweak the basal rates via the pump. Although the system is not fully automated, it eases the burden associated with the care and management of diabetes by reducing the frequency of low and high blood sugar events. Minimed 670G received FDA approval in September 2016. It features BD FlowSmart technology which comes with a new side opening to the system’s catheter in order for insulin to flow better.

The two openings help prevent insulin flow interruptions and silent occlusions, which cause high blood glucose but usually go unnoticed. It also comes with key changes including a smaller insertion needle, a multi-position connector for connecting the on-body set to the tubing and a sliding needle that prevents accidental needlesticks.

This first-of-a-kind system adjusts insulin delivery according to CGM values in order to keep the patient as close as possible to the set target (120 mg/dl). Minimed 670G has a color screen and vertical design.

  1. Tandem’s t:slim X2 Insulin Pump

This is a new insulin pump that resembles the t:slim. However it comes with a manufacturing change, a new two way Bluetooth radio and it’s also capable of remote online updates. Therefore, users will be able to add the new Dexcom G5 integration once the FDA approves it. Once Tandem’s automated insulin delivery algorithms get approval, they will also be added to t:slim X2 pump without paying an upgrade fee or waiting for years for a new system.

The Bluetooth radio enables the device to talk to multiple external devices, for example, a smartphone app and G5 CGM transmitter. The system also includes the predictive low blood sugar capacity which enables users to update their devices in order to allow that functionality.

  1. One Touch Via

LifeScan’s One Touch Via is a super slim, bolus only wearable device that holds up to 200 units of insulin. The device can be worn for 3 days and by simply squeezing two buttons you’ll discreetly deliver a 2-unit bolus. This on-demand insulin delivery system allows type 1 and type 2 diabetes patients to deliver meal time dosages of insulin anywhere, anytime. Reports indicate that it’s a water-resistant patch that allows you to take 2-unit boluses of fast acting insulin without the need for separate controller units. Expect to see LifeScan’s One Touch via by end-year.

There’s a lot more happening for the diabetes community in 2017 especially on the research and advocacy side when it comes to critical issues like affordability and access. We are fully committed to keeping you posted.

Turn your Smart Phone into a Glucose Meter!

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Top 5 Benefits of Turmeric Milk for Diabetes

What Spices Help Lower Blood Sugar?

Studies show that turmeric may lower cholesterol and blood sugar, relieve pain, protect your kidneys and eyes, improve your sex life and prevent cancer. About 2 to 5% of this spice is the orange/yellow powder known as curcumin. Turmeric, which is derived from the root of Curcuma Longa (ginger family), has been used for centuries in chinese and Indian (Ayurvedic) medicine. Although turmeric tastes good especially with the right recipe, the taste usually has a bite to it. However, turmeric milk is a good option especially for people who are not curry fans. It is commonly used for improved liver function, digestion, pain relief, and for its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.

What is Turmeric Milk?

what spices help lower blood sugar, what spices are good for Diabetes Turmeric milk (golden milk) is an infusion of fresh turmeric root or turmeric powder in milk. It is commonly used in Ayurvedic medicine for specific diseases. Besides being easy to prepare, turmeric milk is also highly palatable because the milk takes most of the spiciness (the bold flavor) out of turmeric.

Curcumin May Treat Aspects of Both Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

A scientific study from McGill University and the Beijing University of Chinese medicine reviewed numerous studies of Curcumin. Amazingly, studies on diabetic mice and rats show that curcumin could improve Type 2 Diabetes through at least 10 different mechanisms, including:

  • Reducing liver glycogen production
  • Reducing liver glucose production
  • Stimulating increased glucose uptake
  • Increasing activation of AMPK
  • Suppressing the inflammatory state induced by hyperglycemia
  • Improving pancreatic cell function
  • Increasing AKT phosphorylation
  • Stimulating secretion of insulin from pancreatic tissue
  • Promoting PPAR-gamma ligand-binding activity
  • Reducing insulin resistance and increasing insulin receptor β

Human clinical research conducted on pre-diabetic and diabetic patients show that curcumin has the following benefits:

  • Improving beta cell function
  • Glucose lowering effect
  • Improved oxidation and utilization of fatty acids

How does Turmeric Milk help Prevent or Manage Diabetes?

Let’s explore the medicinal properties of turmeric milk and how they help treat and manage diabetes:

  1. Turmeric milk Counteracts Inflammation

Turmeric milk demonstrates anti-inflammatory properties by modulating activity of various proteins. The mechanisms involved include:

  • Down-regulating the activity of COX-2 by suppressing nuclear factor Kappa B.
  • Reducing activity of proteins and enzymes that promote inflammation.
  • Inhibiting production of various inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1 beta, IL-6, and TNF- α

These mechanisms suppress inflammation caused by diabetes hence preventing its proliferation. According to a study published in 2014 by Biomedical and Environmental sciences, supplementation with curcuminoids leads to reduction in proteins and enzymes associated with inflammation especially in diabetic patients. Therefore, turmeric milk is a natural anti-inflammatory agent that reduces inflammation in chronic illnesses including diabetes.

  1. Reducing oxidative stress

Oxidative stress plays a great role in the pathogenesis of the complications of diabetes and other macro and micro-vascular diseases. Oxidative stress is caused by imbalance between the body’s antioxidant defenses and the overall production of ROS (Reactive Oxygen Species). Reactive Oxygen Species are chemically reactive species that contain oxygen and are vital to the normal functioning of cells in the body. However, ROS levels tend to increase drastically under adverse conditions hence causing inflammation and cell death.

Diabetes causes increased uptake of glucose in adipose tissue and endothelial cells. However under high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemic) conditions, increased glucose uptake leads to excess production of Reactive Oxygen Species which initiates inflammatory pathways, causes oxidative damage to fats and lipid peroxidation (oxidative degeneration of fats).

Turmeric scavenges ROS, increases the level of antioxidant enzymes in the body and inhibits lipid peroxidation. This antioxidant property of turmeric reduces oxidative stress which is commonly observed in diabetes. Studies in humans have proven that curcumin is a strong antioxidant that helps reduce the risk of heart diseases and oxidative stress in diabetes.

  1. Lowering blood sugar levels

Curcumin is an anti-hyperglycemic agent (lowers elevated blood glucose levels in diabetes). A study by ghorbani et.al shows that curcumin works in different ways to lower elevated blood sugar levels. Some of these ways are:

  • Stimulating production of insulin
  • Improving the activity of pancreatic cells
  • Reducing inflammation
  • Improving insulin sensitivity
  • Stimulating insulin utilization by the body
  • Reducing insulin production by the liver

Curcumin regulates metabolic disorders by acting on and reducing Adipocyte fatty-acid binding protein.

The same research group conducted another study where overweight diabetes patients were given 300 mg curcuminoids or a placebo for three months. Curcumin reduced insulin resistance index and blood sugar supplementation. Nano-curcumin supplementation also helps in reducing triglyceride levels, blood sugar levels, BMI and even glycated hemoglobin levels.

  1. Regenerate and repair pancreas cells

Recent experimental studies show that curcumin in turmeric milk is beneficial in auto-immune diabetes because it regulates the action of basic immune cells that destroy pancreatic beta cells that are necessary for the production of insulin. Besides helping lower blood sugar levels, studies show that curcumin also helps to repair and regenerate damages islet cells in the pancreas and this is very beneficial especially in T1D (Type 1 Diabetes).

  1. It improves wound healing

Curcumin is a wound healing agent which speeds up the wound healing process in diabetics even when applied to wounds topically. The anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties of curcumin help speed up impaired wound healing even in diabetic foot ulcers.

Turmeric is a natural antibacterial, antiseptic agent and a great disinfectant. Therefore, you can speed up the healing process by simply sprinkling turmeric powder on wounds. Turmeric milk helps heal wounds from the inside too.

Although curcumin offers numerous benefits for diabetes, it is rather hard for the body to absorb. Moreover, it is easily cleared from the body. Adding black pepper to turmeric milk is highly beneficial because it contains piperine which keeps curcumin in the body longer.

More Homeopathic Treatments for Diabetes.

What Spices help lower Blood Sugar.

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Type 1 Diabetes Vaccine headed For Human Trials

A Vaccine for Type 1 Diabetes – Clinical Trials to begin 2018!

It is estimated that by the year 2050 in the United States alone, more than 5 million people will be living with Type 1 Diabetes. Since this condition is neither curable nor preventable, people who have been diagnosed with the condition must monitor their blood sugar levels constantly and manage them through activity, diet and insulin injections in order to avoid complications which are usually life-threatening.

Is Preventing Diabetes Actually Possible?

Although preventing or reversing diabetes might sound like a dream, the idea of a diabetes vaccine has been around for decades. However, a truly effective vaccine for Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) has remained out of scientists’ grasp. In order to understand the search for a Type 1 Diabetes vaccine, it’s essential to first understand how Type 1 Diabetes works. T1D was initially known as juvenile diabetes mainly because it usually shows up within the early years of life when the body’s immune system destroys beta cells in pancreatic tissue.

Diabetes Vaccine and Our Immune System

Our immune system is a very essential part especially when it comes to our survival in the biosphere which is filled with dangerous toxins, viruses and bacteria. When our immune cells detect an invader, they immediately attack and destroy the foreign cells. However, in some cases, specialized immune cells go haywire and mistake beta cells for invaders. This misguided assault is responsible for type 1 diabetes. Over time, the body’s ability to produce insulin is also impaired.

A vaccine that could prevent this autoimmune disease in children has been in the making for decades and is ready to start clinical trials in the year 2018. Although this is not a cure that will eliminate this disease, the vaccine might reduce the number of new diabetes cases.

Researchers at the University of Tampere in Finland have provided evidence linking a virus known as coxsackievirus B1 to the autoimmune reaction that triggers the body’s own immune system to destroy beta cells in pancreatic tissue. Type 1 Diabetes is the decreased ability of the pancreas to produce insulin which helps our cells to absorb sugar out of the blood. This is usually the result of beta cells being destroyed by the immune system early in life.

There are various ways this process can be triggered and one example in infection by enteroviruses which can also cause meningitis, myocarditis, hand, foot and mouth disease, and polio. In 2014, a team of virologists from the University of Tampere led by Heikki Hyoty conducted a pair of studies on children with T1D to show that a coxsackievirus in the B group was associated with Type 1 Diabetes.

Studies have shown that enteroviruses are very common in newborns. On the other hand, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention has established that about 25% of the 444 enterovirus infections in the United States are caused by CVB1 (coxsackievirus B1). For some of these children, it’s the start of an incurable condition.

vaccine for Type 1 DiabetesAn estimate from the data shows that less than 5% of the children infected with CVB1 go on to develop T1D (Type 1 Diabetes). Although this does not seem like a lot, it suggests that hundreds of children around the world develop T1D each year. Additionally if the other CVB members also contribute to the condition, which they might, this number could be much higher. However, this newly developed diabetes vaccine might put a stop to this. In fact, Hyoty says that this vaccine has already been proven to be safe and effective on mice. Therefore, the process has taken a huge leap forward because the next stage is simply studying this new vaccine on humans.

Although the pre-clinical trials for Diabetes Type 1 Vaccine is the first step, the next step involves testing the vaccine on healthy humans to help identify any potential complications. This newly developed vaccine might also reduce other dangerous enterovirus infections.

“As a bonus, the vaccine might protect patients from infections and diseases that are caused by enteroviruses including myocarditis, ear infection, meningitis and common cold,“ says Hyoty.

However, it could take another 8 years before we know whether the vaccine actually does what it is supposed to do. Meanwhile, groups such as the JDRF (juvenile Diabetes research Foundation) are funding research into discovery of better ways to treat and prevent T1D by finding new ways to regenerate cells that produce insulin or by improving modern technology that can mimic the function of the pancreas.

Researchers recently identified immature cells in the human pancreas which can be stimulated to take up the job of beta cells that have been destroyed.

If people are given the vaccine early enough, it might actually prevent them from developing diabetes by teaching the immune system not to kill the beta cells. Researchers have also identified warning signs at the molecular level that can be used to tell when the immune system is getting ready to attack the pancreas even before the symptoms appear. This makes it possible for physicians to screen people who are categorized as high risk individuals.

It is also possible that a diabetes vaccine could reverse or halt beta cell decline in type 1 diabetes patients in order to reduce their need for insulin injections. Let’s hope there’s some good news on this soon!

Read on to Help your Child with Diabetes, live a normal life!

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Top 10 Signs and Symptoms of Hyperglycemia

Hyperglycemia is a condition where a person’s blood sugar level is too high. Although this can happen to anyone, it is of particular concern to diabetes patients. Hyperglycemia is caused by resistance to insulin or loss of insulin producing cells. In most cases, the body is usually unable to produce an adequate amount of insulin to metabolize glucose in the bloodstream. This can happen when people with diabetes eats to much of the wrong food or forget to take their diabetes medication.

Self-monitoring and good management of blood sugar levels is the key to preventing hyperglycemia especially for people who’ve already been diagnosed with diabetes. If you’ve not been diagnosed with diabetes, you should report any symptoms of hyperglycemia to a doctor in order to be tested for diabetes and other conditions that can lead to hyperglycemia. High blood sugar should be controlled in order to prevent chronic hyperglycemia and complications that may be caused by the condition.

The Most Common Signs and Symptoms of Hyperglycemia Include:

  1. Increased Hunger

symptoms of high blood sugar

This condition is also known as polyphagia and it simply means that you’re experiencing increased hunger. Therefore, you may find yourself feeling hungry and wanting to snack shortly after eating even when you had previously managed to easily limit your snacking especially between meals. Polyphagia is caused by the reduced ability of your body to metabolize glucose. Since glucose is a very important nutrient for all cells in our bodies, when they become malnourished, they usually signal the body that they need more food to maintain proper functioning, resulting in feelings of hunger.

  1. Increased thirst

The medical term for this symptom is polydipsia. The kidneys normally absorb sugar in the bloodstream in order to recycle it and make it readily available to supply our blood cells. However, when there’s too much sugar in the blood stream, the kidneys are overworked but they may still be unable to keep up. When the kidneys are unable to absorb glucose, they discard it by simply excreting it in urine. This usually results in increased urination which often causes dehydration and you may end up feeling thirsty.

  1. Increased Urination

This symptoms that is impossible or very difficult to ignore. The medical term for increased urination is polyuria. It simply refers to a noticeable increase in the volume of urine passed, frequency of urination, or both. Hyperglycemia results in excess sugar in the blood stream causing the kidneys to discard it in urine. Therefore, the kidneys must work extra hard and this inevitably results in more urine or frequent urination.

  1. Blurred Vision and Eye Damage

High blood sugar levels cause the lenses in our eyes to swell. On the other hand any change in the size or shape of the lenses causes significant changes in vision which usually result in blurry vision. This problem should be addressed as soon as it arises because it can cause permanent changes in your vision.

  1. Weight Loss

Although weight loss does not sound like a logical outcome especially when you think of excess glucose in the bloodstream, it can actually happen and it makes sense when the process is broken down. Remember, the body is unable to process the glucose in the bloodstream. Therefore, the cells that need nourishment in form of glucose do not get it. The body responds by tapping into the fat reserves stored in different area in order to use it for energy. As these reserves are gradually depleted, weight loss occurs.

  1. Slow Healing Cuts and Wounds

The healing function for people with hyperglycemia can be slowed quite dramatically. Healing can be slower than normal for more than one reason. Blood vessels can become narrowed due to high glucose levels and this can reduce blood flow hence causing slower healing. The negative effect of high glucose on red blood cells can also slow the healing process. This is a very dangerous condition because wounds that take longer to heal are more susceptible to other infections.

  1. Dry Mouth

This condition is also known as xerostomia. Dry mouth can result due to the negative impact of high blood sugar levels on the salivary glands. It can cause significant difficulty with both eating and swallowing. For people who wear dentures, this condition can make it very difficult for them to keep their dentures in place and they are also more likely to develop sores. Moreover, since saliva is very important for the health of gums and teeth, people with dry moth are also more likely to develop other dental problems.

  1. Itchy or dry skin

Dry skin can be caused by the reduction of moisture due to high blood sugar levels. Since nerve damage is also another potential complication of high blood sugar levels, it can also interfere with the body’s ability to perspire and this also dries the skin. It is very important to understand that dry skin is generally more prone to itching and cracking, which increases the risk of injury. The reduced ability of the patient’s body to heal itself can make this a very serious condition because of the high risk of infection.

  1. Irregular Heartbeat

Irregular heartbeat is also known as cardiac arrhythmia. High blood glucose levels can deplete the supply of potassium, which is very important especially when it comes to maintaining a healthy and regular heartbeat. This is the primary reason that higher blood sugar levels can cause cardiac arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat).

  1. Seizures

This is a potentially dangerous and frightening symptom. Seizures are triggered by hyperglycemia in some people. Since normal brain function mainly relies on a steady supply of nutrient-rich and oxygen-rich blood, hyperglycemia can interfere with the delivery of oxygen and vital nutrients hence triggering seizures in some individuals. However, it’s essential to understand that the likelihood of seizures varies from person to person.

Your blood sugar level may rise if you forget or skip your oral glucose-lowering medication or insulin, eat too many carbohydrates, are ill, are under stress, have an infection, exercise less or become inactive, or when you engage in strenuous physical activity when your insulin levels are low and blood glucose levels are high. However, you shouldn’t worry about hyperglycemia if you keep your blood glucose levels under control by following your exercise program, meal plan and medicine schedule.

Read here for more on Blood Sugar Levels!

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The American Diabetic Diet

More than 1 million Americans are diagnosed with diabetes each year and more than 200,000 deaths are attributed to the disease. If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, or simply want to take better care of how you eat is to your advantage to follow the diet for diabetic Americans, in order to keep the diabetes under control.

Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes must learn to follow a diet plan for diabetics to stay healthy. Following the plan of good eating, such as the American Diabetes Diet, diabetic patients are able to effectively control blood sugar without medication.

good foods for diabetics

The reason for the American diet for diabetics is so highly effective is because it covers all food groups. The American diabetic diet plan recommends foods high in monounsaturated or polyunsaturated fats and low in saturated fat. Most of the calories recommended in the American diet come mainly carbohydrates diabetes, second from fat, and protein.

The American Diabetes diet should be followed every day and made the following recommendations:

  • 5 Servings of fruits and vegetables (spinach, broccoli and carrots
  • 6 Servings whole grains (cereals, bread and pasta)
  • 2 Servings (meat, fish or chicken)
  • Dairy products (eggs, skim milk, nonfat cheese, yogurt, even ice cream low fat)

Every persons makeup is different, so are their bodily needs. Some of us require the consumption of calories.

American Diabetic Diet Plan for those who need 1200-1600 calories include:

  • Three servings fruits and vegetables
  • Two servings of milk, yogurt and meat
  • Three servings of fatty
  • Six servings of starches

The American Diabetes diet plan for people who need 1600-2000 calories include:

  • Three fruit serving
  • Four servings of vegetables
  • Two servings of milk, yogurt and meat
  • Four servings of fatty
  • Eight servings of starches

The  diabetic diet menu for those who need 2000-2400 calories include:

  • Three servings fruit
  • Four servings of vegetables
  • Two servings of milk, yogurt and meat / br> <
  • Five servings of fatty
  • Eleven-portions of starches

The popular belief is that people with diabetes should not eat sweets. This is not always so. The American Diabetes diet recommends eating fresh, but in limited quantities. It’s important to eat low-calorie desserts or artificial sweeteners as a sugar substitute.

This particular diet plan is not only useful for people with diabetes, but for everyone. People with diabetes have the same nutritional needs as anyone else. And also the need for regular exercise is the same for people with diabetes as for those without.

The integration of the Diabetes exercise and diet, along with individually prescribed medications are essential to controlling diabetes. Have a well balanced diet and choose the right kind of foods, the diabetic patient can move the glucose to normal levels.

Controlling the blood glucose levels is the main objective of following the diabetic diet for Americans.

Be healthy and live a longer and happier life through the American diabetic diet. Before the commencement of any diet plan, it’s a good idea to consult your health care provider.

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Blood Sugar Levels, Diabetes and You!

The battle against diabetes in the United States is constant. Type 2 diabetes for the over 40 years category is more common because of increasing obesity which is largely due to the typical American diet. We eat more refined foods and fast foods and we are not getting the exercise that we need. It’s astonishing that almost half of the US Population, either have diabetes, or fall into the Prediabetes category. BUT the best news about this diabetes epidemic is that it’s almost entirely preventable!

Here’s just a few tips when Opting for Fast Food.

  • Make sure to check out the “healthy options” on the menu, when visiting the big take-out chains.
  • Noodles area great choice, but make sure you choose an option with an accompaniment low in fat, like veges lean meat or fish.
  • Japanese food is a great choice – there’s rice rolls with fish or vegetables, sashimi and sushi.
  • Always opt for boiled rice rather than Fried rice.
  • Try to avoid the sauces offered for salads and other foods – they can contain as much calories as the meal itself
  • Go for the wholegrain bread and roll variety where it’s offered.
  • Drink water, or a no sugar version of soda.
  • Avoid hot dogs, pies, pastries and fries.

More HERE on Healthy food for Diabetics!

Can Diabetes be Reversed with Diet and Exercise

In type 2 diabetes, just like with your diet, the exercise program you choose needs to have goals that are achievable, but also rigorous enough to provide health benefits. If you have recently been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, there’s a good chance you haven’t exercised for quite some time. So take it slow to start! Around 30 minutes per day to start is good – but if you find you can’t manage that all in one stint, then you can certainly break it up into 3 smaller sessions that you can manage.

  • Walking every day is a great place to start.  Just start out with 15 minutes per day and build as you start to improve fitness.
  • Try and arrange to walk with a friend
  • Try to increase your daily activity levels in general – by walking the stairs instead of taking the elevator. Parking a little further away from the grocery store and walking the extra.
  • Get yourself a pedometer to count your steps and motivate you to reach your set goals for the day.
  • Join a gym or an exercise class. This is good as  you will have a class leader to follow, and also there would be someone to help in the event of an emergency.

how to control diabetes with food and exercise

Managing your Blood Glucose Levels.

Just as regular exercise is an essential part of controlling your diabetes, keeping regular checks on your Blood sugar levels is equally important for type 2 diabetes . Take steps to maintain its range.

Use a Blood Glucose Meter to make random checks of your blood sugar levels several times during the day. There are many types of blood glucometers available. Choose one you like and use as indicated several times a day to record your levels.

Signs of Hyperglycemia.how to control type 2 diabetes with diet and exercise

  • The excessive thirst,
  • frequent urination
  • blurry vision.
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Headaches

Signs of Hypoglycemia.

  • nervousness,
  • tremors or signs of weakness,
  • fainting
  • Excessive Hunger
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Can Moderate Consumption of Alcohol Lower Diabetes Risk?

According to researchers in Denmark, drinking alcohol – three to four days per week, can reduce your risk of developing diabetes. Researchers in Denmark examined alcohol consumption patterns and found that people who drink moderately on three to four days per week are less likely to develop diabetes compared with abstainers. Wine is particularly beneficial because it is rich in compounds that help maintain blood sugar balance. The findings were published in the journal Diabetologia and the study was conducted by researchers from the University of Southern Denmark.

Diabetes arises when the body’s ability to use or make insulin is impaired. If this chronic disease is not controlled, it can result in hyperglycemia and this can cause serious damage to various organs in the body especially the eyes, heart, kidneys, nerves and blood vessels. The proportion of people living with diabetes worldwide has risen from 4.7% in 1980 to .5% in 2014.

In 2015, 1.6 million deaths were directly attributed to diabetes and high blood sugar was responsible for another 2.2 million deaths.

So Can Alcohol Lower Diabetes Risk?

can alcohol lower diabetes risk

Studies that have explored the relationship between alcohol consumption and the risk of developing diabetes have established that moderate to light consumption is linked to lower risk compared to abstaining. However, most of these studies have only examined the volume of consumption without looking at how the volume of consumption is spread over time.

The Danish researches also noted that although other studies explored drinking patterns such as number of drinking days each week and the effects of various types of alcoholic, their findings were inconclusive. Therefore, they decided to examine the link between alcohol consumption patterns and the risk of developing diabetes in the Danish population. The researchers analyzed responses from a total of 70,551 participants (41,847 women and 28,704 men) without diabetes. All the participants had answered questions about health and lifestyle and provided detailed reports abouts their alcohol drinking habits.

The participants were keenly followed until 2012 (for an average of 4.9 years) during which the researchers found out from the national diabetes register that 87 women and 859 men had developed diabetes.

Yes – The Types of alcoholic Drink Matters!

From the information, the researchers also determined drinking patterns, average weekly intake, consumption of different beverages and binge drinking. The team asked participants about their consumption patterns of specific types of beverages and their frequency of consuming alcohol.

Therefore, the researchers were able to classify participants into categories:

  • current and lifetime abstainers;
  • people who drank on 5 to 7 days each week;
  • on 3 to 4 days per week;
  • on 1 to 2 days each week;
  • and on less than 1 day each week.

A standard alcoholic drink in Denmark contains 12 grams of pure alcohol. This is less than the standard drink in the U.S which is 0.6 ounces (14 grams) of ethanol. The team also assessed binge drinking (drinking 5 or more drinks in one session). Binge drinking was classified into 3 categories:

  • more than one day per week,
  • less than 1 day per week,
  • and never.

The team also categorized drinking patterns for 3 types of alcoholic drinks: spirits, beer and wine. These drinks were assessed as: 7 or more drinks per week; between 1 and 6 drinks per week; and less than 1 drink each week. However, for men this category was further divided into: 7 to 13 drinks per week, and 14 or more alcoholic drinks each week.

When analyzing the data to determine the link with diabetes, the team adjusted the information to make allowance for the effect of other aspects that might influence it. Some of these factors include:

  • sex,
  • age,
  • smoking,
  • education level,
  • BMI (Body Mass Index),
  • blood pressure (previous or current),
  • leisure activities,
  • family history of diabetes,
  • and type of diet (such as fiber levels, fish, vegetables and fruit).

The study showed that participants who consumed moderate amounts of alcohol in terms of average consumption per week had the lowest diabetes risk.

Women who drank 9 drinks per week had a 58% lower risk of developing diabetes, and men who consumed an average of 14 alcoholic drinks each week had 43% lower diabetes risk compared with abstainers.

After analyzing drinking patterns, the researchers also found that participants who drank alcohol on three to four days each week had the lowest risk of diabetes. For women, the risk of developing diabetes was 32% lower and for men it was 27% lower compared with participants who only consumed alcohol on less than one day per week.

However, analysis of binge drinking data did not show any clear link to the risk of developing diabetes. The Danish researchers say that this might be due to the low number of participants who actually reported binge drinking. This made it difficult for the team to produce meaningful statistical result.

So – Which Alcoholic Drink is Best for Diabetes?               

WINE

When it comes to the type of alcoholic drink, just as previous studies have found out, the team also discovered that high to moderate wine consumption is linked to a significantly lower diabetes risk.

They attributed this to the fact that red wine contains polyphenols, which help control blood sugar.

Compared with consuming less than one each week, drinking at least 7 drinks of wine per week is linked to a 25% to 30% lower risk of diabetes.

BEER

On the other hand, in terms of drinking beer, the study showed that men who drink between 1 and 6 per week had a 21% lower risk of diabetes, compared with men who drink less than one drink per week. However, for women, the study showed no ties to the risk of diabetes.

SPIRITS

In terms of spirit consumption, the team established that there’s no significant tie between the amount of spirits men drank and the risk of developing diabetes. The study also found that women who consume 7 or more drinks of spirits each week had an 83% higher risk of diabetes compared with those who had less than one drink each week.

These finding suggest that the frequency of drinking alcohol is linked with the risk of developing diabetes. Moreover, consuming alcohol over 3 to 4 days is linked with the lowest diabetes risk.

Learn more about Alcohol and Diabetes!

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