New Type 2 Diabetes Drug

New medication for Diabetes – What is Ertugliflozin?

FDA Approves Ertugliflozin (Steglatro) For Treatment of Diabetes

Ertugliflozin, which will be sold under the brand name Steglatro, is a drug for treatment of Type 2 diabetes. Although more than 30 million Americans suffer from diabetes, about 90% of these patients have type 2 diabetes.

Ertugliflozin is a sodium-glucose co transporter (SGLT2) Inhibitor. It was developed by Merck &Co and Pfizer Inc. and it is classified under drugs commonly known as glifloins. Ertugliflozin recently won USFDA (United States Food and Drug Administration) for treatment of type  2 diabetes.

How does Ertugliflozin Work?

what drug is used to treat diabetes Being a sodium- glucose co-transporter (SGLT2) inhibitor, Ertugliflozin works by increasing secretion of glucose in the urine.

It mainly works  as part of two fixed-dose combinations which will constitute – dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor sitagliptin (Steglujan) ; available as five milligram of Ertugliflozin per a hundred milligram of sitagliptin and fifteen milligram per a hundred milligram of sitagliptin ) to be taken once daily and with metformin ( Segluromet ; two and half milligram of Ertugliflozin per five hundred milligram of metformin; two and a half milligram per a thousand milligrams) to be taken twice daily.

For the drug to get approval by the FDA two trials have been conducted; the VERTIS MET and VERTIS SITA trials. These trials show that Ertugliflozin has been able to meet its primary goals and is actually able to regulate blood sugar in the patients who participated in the study.

VERTIS MET was conducted over a twenty six week period. It evaluated the efficiency and safety of the drug in patients with Type 2 diabetes. The study was conducted by administering Ertugliflozin in combination with metformin in comparison to taking placebo and metformin alongside those taking just metformin.

Patients who took Ertugliflozin had lower blood sugar, had lost more weight and had low blood pressure.

In the VERTIS SITA trial, Ertugliflozin was administered in combination with sitagliptin in comparison to placebo with sitagliptin. Lower blood sugars were reported in Diabetes Type 2 patients who were taking Ertugliflozin.

Do the Drugs have any Side Effects?

Patients treated using drugs in Ertugliflozin’s class, sliflozin, have exhibited a few side effects. One of the effects reported is a condition known as KETOACIDOSIS. This is a serious life-threatening condition reported in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes patients. This is a condition that also requires urgent hospitalization.

If Ketoacidosis is detected, Ertugliflozin (Steglatro) should not be administered again. Patients should undergo keen examination before Steglatro is administered. Before initiating Steglatro risk factors such as pancreatic insulin deficiency from any cause, caloric restriction, and alcohol abuse should be taken into account.

Moreover, intravascular volume contraction has been reported in patients using Steglatro. It can also cause renal impairment. Acute kidney injury has also been reported in patients receiving sodium- glucose co-transporter (SGLT2) inhibitors. Factors that may predispose patients to acute kidney injury have to be considered before initiating steglatro. Ertugliflozin (Steglatro) should be discontinued immediately if acute kidney injury occurs and treatment should also be administered urgently.

Renal function should be evaluated before Ertugliflozin (Steglatro) is administered. This is because Ertugliflozin (Steglatro) increases serum creatinine and decreases eGFR which causes renal impairment.

Serious urinary tract infections including urosepsis and pyelonephritis have been reported in patient treated with Ertugliflozin (Steglatro) in clinical trials. Patients should be examined for urinary tract infection symptoms and should be treated urgently.

Even though Ertugliflozin (Steglatro) has not been linked to increased risk of lower limb amputation, factors that may predispose a patient to lower limb amputation should be considered and patients should be informed about it. This is because it has been observed that there is an increased risk of lower limb amputation in patients using SGLT2 inhibitors.

A lower dose of insulin or insulin secretagogue should be administered. This is because Ertugliflozin (Steglatro) may increase the risk of hypoglycemia when used in combination with insulin and/or an insulin secretagogue. Other risks and side effects include genital mycotic infections.

European Medicines Agency is still reviewing Ertugliflozin (Steglatro). However, it’s expected to be available in the USA in early 2018.

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Benefits of Yoga for Diabetes

A large number of people suffering from diabetes are practicing regular yoga training in an effort to improve overall quality of life and keep their condition under control. Many health experts believe yoga can help lower blood pressure, enhance mobility, reduce levels of stress and improve overall wellbeing.

It is also well known that besides improving diabetes, yoga can also protect against other related complications such as heart disease. Moreover, people who undergo yoga training on a regular basis experience significant improvements in their physical and mental health.

Benefits of Yoga for Diabetes

The Benefits of Regular Yoga training include:

  • Reduced depression and anxiety
  • Relief from various chronic illnesses
  • Improved strength, flexibility and posture
  • Enhanced energy levels and concentration
  • Better sleep
  • Improved immunity, circulation and digestion.
  • Feelings of wellbeing
  • Enhanced efficiency of endocrine, neurological and respiratory organs.

How Does Yoga Treat Diabetes or Prevent it from Developing?

  1. Exercising the muscles

Yoga increases the uptake of glucose by muscular cells which helps improve circulation, lower blood glucose levels and reduce the risk of heart diseases.

  1. Rejuvenating pancreatic cells

Yoga postures stretch the pancreas and aid relaxation which stimulates the production of beta cells which are responsible for producing insulin.

  1. Promoting weight loss

Regular yoga practice can improve weight control and help you reduce weight both of which are vital for protecting against various chronic conditions such as heart disease, cancer and type II diabetes, as well as the management of diabetes.

  1. Improving your mental attitude (makes you feel good)

Practicing yoga on a regular basis can help improve mental focus and create the right approach to dealing with conditions such as diabetes. Yoga stretches your muscles, helps you breathe more deeply, shifts your attitude and helps you feel better. Yoga eases the body into recovery mode and helps to release chronic stress. Remember, breathing is both involuntary and voluntary. This basically means that we can choose to change the way we breathe but we don’t stop breathing if we stop paying attention to it. This is why most people who practice yoga consider it a vehicle between our body and mind. Calming your breath can help you calm your mind (it helps you shift from a fight or flight pattern to a more balanced pattern which facilitates complex reasoning).

Stress management (controlling mental stress) is one of the key factors of treatment of diabetes. Blood sugar levels increase when we’re stressed and high blood glucose levels increase the chances of developing various related complications including heart disease. This is one of the main reasons why it’s particularly important to practice yoga, controlled breathing techniques and other mindfulness-based techniques to invoke a relaxation response.

This relaxation response helps regulate stress hormones such as cortisol which increase blood sugar levels and blood pressure. It is essential to understand that both play a key role in the development of type II diabetes and other related complications.

Yoga is a cost-effective and promising option in the prevention and treatment of diabetes. Data from several clinical studies suggest that mind-body therapies such as yoga can improve blood glucose control and reduce stress-related hyperglycemia. However, it is essential to consult with your physician and diabetes healthcare team before starting yoga classes.

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Signs of Diabetes in Dogs

Diabetes is not only confined to humans. Other animals including pets such as dogs and cats can also suffer from diabetes.

can a dog be cured of diabetesDiabetes in dogs is caused by either lack of insulin or insufficient response to insulin when either the pancreas is damaged or not working properly. Insulin is the hormone that facilitates the absorption of glucose into the cells from a dog’s blood stream. When a dog is diabetic its body cannot control sugar levels in the bloodstream. This leads to a condition known as hyperglycemia which means excess sugar in a dog’s bloodstream. There are various signs and symptoms if a dog is diabetic.

Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes in Dogs

  1. Increased or Excessive Urination.

When a dog is suffering from diabetes, the dog’s body tries to get rid of excess sugar in its body through urination.

  1. Excessive Thirst.

Due to the increase or excessive urination the dog also increases its water intake. This is because the dog’s body is trying to cope with the excessive water loss.

  1. Increased Appetite

This happens because glucose is not being absorbed into the dog’s body. When that happens the dogs thinks its starving. This creates a greater than normal hunger.

  1. Weight loss

Even though a dog’s appetite will increase the dog will suffer from weight loss. This happens because nutrients are not properly being assimilated into the dog’s body.

Other Advanced Signs and Symptoms may Include,

  • Unkempt hair coat and the presence of dandruff.
  • Frequently vomiting
  • The dog may also show signs of depression and lethargy.
  • Weakness or lack of energy.
  • Sudden appearance of cataracts in the eyes and in some cases the dog may also suffer from temporary blindness.

There are various factors which can put a dog at risk for diabetes.

These factors include;

  • Age. Although diabetes can occur to a dog at any age, most dogs that develop diabetes are of middle age and old/senior dogs.
  • Pancreatitis in a dog is also a major cause of diabetes. Pancreatitis is the inflammation of the pancreas (which produces insulin). Repeated pancreatitis causes immense damage to the pancreas thus resulting to diabetes.
  • Obesity is also a major contributing factor to diabetes in dogs. This is because obesity contributes to insulin resistance and it is also a risk factor for pancreatitis.
  • Steroid medications are also triggers for diabetes in dogs if used long-term
  • Other health conditions and autoimmune disorders can also trigger diabetes.
  • Any breed of dog can suffer from diabetes though they vary in susceptibility.

Diagnosis of Diabetes in Dogs

Simple tests are done to test glucose levels in a dog’s blood stream and sugar levels in a dog’s urine. However, it’s essential to understand that it’s easier to treat diabetes in a dog if it’s discovered sooner. Treatment should start promptly to increase the chances of your dog living a normal life.

More on Diabetes in Animals

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Benefits of Chia Seeds for Diabetes

Several reports suggest that chia seeds are highly beneficial for diabetics. But, how does it really work?

If you have a loved one who is diabetic or you have been diagnosed with diabetes, you must have heard about the importance of exercise and diet for diabetes. There are numerous reports and evidence about people who have been able to control type 2 diabetes or at least improve their health by adhering to the right diet and exercise. Therefore, we cannot deny the fact that proper nutrition helps improve the health of diabetics.

What is Chia Seed?

Chia is one of a few complete protein plants and is commonly found growing naturally in Central America, Guatemala, and Mexico. It is also known as California Sage, California Chia or Salvia Hispanic.

Benefits of Chia SeedsChia seeds are very rich in minerals, proteins, vitamins, antioxidants, omega-3 fats and fiber. This is the main reason why it’s considered a super-food. This basically means that it’s a nutrient-rich food with numerous health benefits. More and more people are consuming chia seeds as they come aware of its benefits resulting from its nutritional value.

The number of people (including children) being diagnosed with diabetes worldwide is growing at an alarming rate. However, rather than resigning yourself to simply live with this debilitating disease, you should understand that there are ways to control and manage this diabetes and eating chia seeds is just one of them.

Chia Seeds Nutritional Profile

One of the main reasons why chia is so beneficial is because it’s rich in minerals, omega-3, vitamins, protein and fiber.

For instance 28 grams (one ounce) of chia seeds contains:

  • 6 grams fiber
  • 137 calories
  • 4 grams protein
  • 3 grams carbohydrates
  • 6 grams fat
  • 65 milligrams phosphorus (27% DV)
  • 6 milligram manganese (30% DV)
  • 1 milligram copper (% DV)
  • 8 milligrams potassium (1% DV)
  • 1 milligram copper (3% DV)

Chia seeds are also a rich source of antioxidants and they also contain essential fatty acids linoleic and alpha-linoleic acid; vitamins A, B, E and D; mucin; strontium; and minerals including magnesium, niacin, manganese, iodine, sulphur and iron.

What are the Benefits of Chia Seeds for Diabetes?

  • Improves Insulin and Glucose Tolerance

In a study in diet-induced obese rats, a high fructose, high fat diet was fed to one group of rats and the other group of rats was fed a high fructose, high fat diet along with chia oil and chia seeds. The group of rats that was fed a high fat, high fructose (sugar) diet developed insulin resistance, oxidative stress and glucose intolerance just like humans would if they fed on a typical diet high in sugar and processed foods.

However, the other group which was fed a high fructose, high fat diet along with chia oil and chia seeds didn’t develop such problems. In fact, it was the opposite and quite remarkable. Chia seeds helped improve insulin and glucose resistance and restore their bodies’ antioxidant system.

  • Reduce Diabetes Swelling – Chia Reduces Inflammation

Numerous studies show that inflammation is the main cause of many health conditions including diabetes. One of the main nutrients that have been extensively studied for anti-inflammatory effects is omega-3. Chia seed is rich in Omega -3 which comes from alpha-linoleic acid. Although alpha-linoleic acid does not convert to EPA and DHA (usable forms), as well as eating fish such as salmon, it still provides benefits.

On the other hand, chia is rich in dietary fiber which is also an anti-inflammatory agent and this contributes to chia’s anti-inflammatory power.

  • Rich in Anti-Oxidants

The high antioxidant capacity of chia seeds prevents the sensitive fats from going rancid. Anti-oxidants also help prevent oxidative stress and free radicals and damage to the body. Remember, free radicals damage body cells and lead to the development of various conditions. Chia seeds donate stable molecules to free radicals in order to make them normal once again and prevent further damage and decline in health.

  • Improves Cardiovascular Risk Factors

A randomized control trial conducted in 2007 took two groups of people with type 2 diabetes and gave one group 37 grams of wheat and the other group was given 37 grams of chia seeds per day for 12 weeks.

The group that was given chia had a reduction hs—CRP of 40 percent (an inflammatory agent that is commonly seen in cardiovascular disease), a reduction in SBP (systolic blood pressure) and a decrease in A1C. Reductions in CRP and SBP indicate significant improvements especially in cardiovascular risk factors.

Research shows that chia does not have any harmful effects for diabetics. Therefore, it’s perfectly fine to include it in your every other day or every day diet routine.

Check out some other natural remedies for diabetes here!

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Symptoms of Diabetes in Toddlers

Diabetes in toddlers is a serious condition which occurs when their pancreas is not producing enough insulin. Insulin is a very important hormone in transportation and absorption of glucose in an infant’s body. This in turn leads to excess glucose and sugar levels in the toddler’s body. Signs of diabetes in babies are hard to pinpoint because it’s hard for toddlers to let their parents know that something is wrong. Therefore, as a parent you should be on the lookout for various signs that may indicate that your baby has diabetes.

Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes in Toddlers

  • Fatigue When a child is suffering from diabetes, sugar in their blood stream is not being converted to energy. Therefore, the baby remains constantly tired or fatigued.
  • Increased urination. This occurs because the child’s body needs to get rid of excess glucose and sugar through urine. You will notice that your baby may be urinating more than usual or even started wetting the bed again for older babies.
  • Excessive thirst. Body tissues of a child suffering from undiagnosed diabetes lose a lot of fluid. This leads to the baby having excessive thirst. Some may crave for sweet, cold drinks.
  • Weight loss. A child with undiagnosed diabetes may experience sudden and rapid weight loss. This is because the body can’t use energy from sugar thus experiencing muscle and fat loss.
  • Increased appetite. A diabetic child’s body is deprived of energy because of the low insulin. This registers in the brain as starvation so the undiagnosed child experiences the feeling of extreme hunger so he/she tends to eat excessively.
  • Eyesight problems. An undiagnosed child may experience blurred vision. High blood sugar level causes fluids to be pulled from body tissues such as eye lenses. This will cause eyesight problems though a toddler may not know this because they still don’t know what normal is.
  • Yeast infections. This may show up as a very bad diaper rash especially in girls.
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis. This is the buildup of ketones which are acidic by products. It happens when the body starts to burn far for energy because the child’s body can’t break down glucose due to low insulin.

Other advanced signs and symptoms of undiagnosed diabetes to look out for may include vomiting, stomach pains, fast breathing, rapid heart rate, low body temperature flushed face and loss of consciousness. It’s also essential for parents to check for fruity breath odor. Undiagnosed diabetes in a child can also make them irritable or even exhibit quick mood changes.

symptoms of diabetes in toddlersIf you notice some of these symptoms in your child you should consult a doctor immediately. This is because the sooner it is diagnosed the earlier the treatment will start thus increasing the chances of your baby to live a normal, healthy life.

What is a Normal Blood Sugar Level for a Toddler?

Diabetes in Toddlers Warning SignsRandom blood sugar test. This is the main screening test to check whether your toddler has diabetes Type 1. A sample of blood is taken at a random time in the day, not taking into account the last time they ate. A random blood sugar level of 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL), or 11.1 millimoles per liter (mmol/L), or higher suggests diabetes.

diabetes in toddlers warning signsGlycated hemoglobin (A1C) test. The A1C test gives an indication of your toddler’s average blood sugar level over the past few months. This test specifically measures the blood sugar percentage attached to the oxygen carrying protein in the red blood cells. An A1C level of 6.5 percent or higher on two separate tests indicates diabetes.

symptoms of diabetes in babies infantsFasting blood sugar test. You child will fast over night prior to this blood sample is taken. A fasting blood sugar level of 126 mg/dL (7.0 mmol/L) or higher indicates type 1 diabetes.

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Worms for Treatment of Diabetes

Worms Could Be The Weapon In The Fight Against Diabetes

Parasitic worms (helminths) could help fight autoimmune diseases such as lupus, type 1 diabetes (TID), rheumatoid arthritis, and crohn’s disease. Worms are small multicellular organisms that reside in human intestines.

Rutgers immunologist William Gause published an article in Nature Reviews Immunology reporting that the presence of the worms through centuries of human evolution has led to humans developing an immune response known as type 2 immunity.

This immune response includes immune regulator pathways that control harmful inflammatory responses that can contribute to various autoimmune diseases.

 How can Parasitic Worms help Prevent Autoimmune Diseases?

According to the researchers, the immune response seems to have developed as a way for the body to rapidly heal wounds caused by the parasites. Components of type 2 immunity may be the future weapon for enhancing the wound healing process. This response also triggers vital regulatory networks that prevent harmful immune responses and inflammation that tend to worsen tissue injury.

The researchers now want to find a way to harness the components of type 2 immunity in order to target the control of inflammation that contributes to autoimmune diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease and diabetes.

Gause says that the harmful inflammation responses also contribute to other diseases such as metabolic disorders and cardiovascular disease. Inflammation has also been linked to fibrosis and allergic reactions that may be caused by titanium shavings flaking away from artificial joints and settling in the body.

Therefore, finding a new way to stimulate the regulatory components of type 2 immunity may provide a new set of tools to prevent and control harmful inflammatory responses associated with different diseases.

New Treatments for Diabetes The Hygiene Hypothesis

According to the study by Gause and his colleagues, helminth byproducts or even live helminthes may be introduced into the patient’s body on a short-term basis in order to train weak or compromised immune systems. According to a study conducted by Gause and his colleagues in 2012, the introduction of parasitic helminthes in mice for 2 weeks stimulated their immune systems to produce signaling molecules or cytokines which gave them protection against T1D (Type 1 Diabetes).

These findings mirror human experience especially in developing world where worm (helminth) infection is quite common but the incidence if type 1 diabetes and other autoimmune diseases is extremely low.

Best Natural Cures for DiabetesThis means that the low incidence of helminth infection in industrialized nations may compromise the development of vital regulatory networks that are responsible for controlling harmful inflammation.

According to Gause, the end result of this process is increased incidence of a wide variety of diseases associated with harmful inflammatory responses.

Therefore, if we find a controlled and effective way to tap the benefits that worms seem to provide to the immune system, it’s possible that we wouldn’t have to endure the tradeoff between inflammatory diseases and clean living.

Latest Treatments for Diabetes World-first Clinical Trial to Cure Diabetes with Hookworms

This word-first clinical trial will be conducted in Cairns and it aims to combat type 2 diabetes by infecting young overweight women with parasitic worms.

Researches from James Cook University are recruiting young female volunteers for this new research project in which hookworms will be used as possible therapy to improve the overall health for people at risk of chronic diseases such as diabetes. This comes after research in mice found that infecting the animals with helminth can protect them against diabetes by stimulating the immune system to release anti-inflammatory molecules.

The 2-year study will be carried out by scientists from the Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and JCU’s Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine. The study aims to examine the effect of hookworm infestation on young women at risk of diabetes in an attempt to replicate similar results in humans.

The researchers will inoculate young overweight women (aged 18 to 44) with hookworm larva and monitor their health through regular medical assessments.

According to Dr. Paul Giacomin, the worms are masters of controlling inflammation. He believes that this clinical trial is critical especially for determining whether researchers should start studying the active molecules that helminth release into the body to help control metabolism and whether these molecules can be used as a drug for preventing metabolic diseases such as diabetes.

The researchers also said that type 2 diabetes and obesity are increasing at an alarming rate in Australia’s population hence leading to disability and death from infections, kidney failure and heart disease.

Read about the Best Natural cures for Diabetes HERE!

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Green Tea and Diabetes

Is Green Tea Helpful in Diabetes?

According to Medline Plus, green tea may offer several benefits which include lowering your risk for high cholesterol, Parkinson’s disease, and cancer. Preliminary studies also show that green tea may also reduce the risk of developing diabetes and some of the complications associated with this debilitating condition. Although people suffering from diabetes can safely drink green tea, they should also monitor their blood sugar carefully because of its potential blood glucose lowering effect.

Why is Green Tea Highly Beneficial for Diabetics?

  1. Green tea is rich in EGCG catechins

EGCG (epigallocatechin gallate) catechins help increase fat oxidation and have proven to be highly effective in burning body fat. Excess fat in the body is a major problem that might lead to diabetes and EGCG catechins help protect vascular muscle cells from high glucose levels. Moreover, EGCG catechins help prevent Type 1 Diabetes by improving glucose tolerance and changing lipids and glucose metabolism in the body.

Herbal teas to lower blood sugarEGCG catechins also help prevent Type 2 Diabetes by inhibiting digestive enzymes which reduces the production of glucose from carbohydrates.

  1. It stimulates the production of insulin

Recent studies show that green tea stimulates the production of insulin in the body which controls your blood sugar levels and transforms nutrients into energy. Green tea also maximizes the functions of the pancreas which is responsible for producing insulin. It also protects the pancreatic beta cells from damage.

  1. It prevents obesity

Green tea lowers your triglyceride and fatty acid levels hence preventing obesity and the complications associated with obesity. Moreover, EGCG catechins also help reduce your appetite and boost the metabolism cycle. Recent studies show that drinking 2 to 4 cups of green tea spread throughout the day can help you burn up to 80 calories per day hence increasing your metabolism and endurance even while working out. Green tea also stimulates the nervous system that stimulates the fat burning process

  1. It can protect you from hyperglycemia

If left untreated, hyperglycemia can lead to oxidative stress which can cause serious complications such as diabetic retinopathy or even blindness. A recent study conducted by Brazilian researchers seeking to explore the benefits of green tea in diabetic rats shows that green tea protects the rats’ retina from diseases caused by diabetes including neurodegenaration disorders.

  1. Green tea is rich in polyphenols

Polyphenols are antioxidants which have strong anti-diabetic properties. These anti-diabetic properties help increase glucose tolerance and inhibit oxidative stress which is critical when it comes to controlling diabetes. In a study conducted in China, researchers observed that the polyphenols in green tea help reduce adiponectin levels and fat deposits in rats. Adiponectin plays a very important role in glucose and lipid metabolism.

Green tea warnings and precautions

Several studies show that green tea is safe even for diabetics when consumed in moderate amounts. However, there are some warnings and precautions for diabetics who want to consume green tea in a bid to improve their health and general well-being. Avoid taking green tea or consult your physician if you’re pregnant or breast-feeding, if you have a sensitive stomach, or if you’re under medication.

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Is Agave Nectar Safe For Diabetics?

Many diabetic people and people who want to lose weight want to find the right sugar substitute that can satisfy their sweet tooth. Agave nectar or syrup has gained popularity as one of the products that provide such as substitute.

It is about 1.5 sweeter than regular sugar and its taste and consistency are comparable to honey.

Although for many people agave nectar may seem like the best answer to satisfy their sugar cravings, the truth is that it’s best used in moderation because it has its own complications especially when too much of it is consumed.

What is Agave Nectar/Syrup?

Agave syrup is derived from the agave plant which can be found growing naturally in Southern Mexico. When fermented, the blue agave plant turns into tequila. Angela Ginn, National Spokesperson for The Academy of Nutrition and Diabetes, explains:

agave nectar diabetesAgave nectar is a sweetener that contains vitamins, carbohydrate and sweeteners such as calories, magnesium, calcium, iron and potassium. The color difference is mainly due to the filtration of minerals and salts in production.

Health food advocates used to believe that agave was a good solution for people with diabetes (PWD) because it is made of 90 percent fructose. This means that agave is much lower on the GI (glycemic index) and thus doesn’t pack the same punch to blood sugar levels as table sugar.

However, we’ve learned that this might be somewhat misleading. Although it’s true that foods that rank lower on the GI index are absorbed slowly and tend to raise blood sugar gradually. However, a food’s healthfulness should not be based on the glycemic index. For instance, watermelon ranks higher than ice cream.

Agave Nectar Nutrition Facts

Agave is commonly used as a sweetener to replace brown or white sugar in baking. One tablespoon of agave contains 15 grams sugar, 16 grams total carbs and 60 calories. Therefore, agave nectar is straight sugar with very little else to offer in terms of nutrition.

What is the Relationship Between Fructose and Diabetes?

Most people with diabetes know that it’s generally healthier to choose foods that rank lower on the glycemic index because they keep blood sugar levels more stable. However, it’s also essential to understand that there is more to consider than just the glycemic index. For instance, although agave syrup ranks lower on the glycemic index compared to other sweeteners, it contains 90% fructose.

Numerous studies have linked over-consumption of fructose to a wide range of health problems including increased weight gain, high blood pressure, insulin resistance, fatty liver, higher triglyceride levels and cholesterol, to name a few.

Nowadays, loads of packaged and processed foods contain large percentages of fructose largely because it’s a cheap substitute for sugar. As a result, people are generally consuming fructose in high proportions.

Studies show that drinking and eating a lot of fructose leaves you feeling hungrier because it influences hormones including ghrelin, leptin and insulin. This creates a cycle where you still feel hungry even after your meal and you end up eating more food.

Overconsumption of glucose is one of the risk factors for insulin resistance, cardiovascular disease, obesity and hypertension. Therefore, if you are diabetic, consuming fructose might make your condition worse and may even increase your risk of complications.

What is the best sweetener to use for diabetics?

Alternative Sweeteners for Diabetics.

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What are the Borderline Diabetes Symptoms?

Do you know what borderline diabetes symptoms are? Diabetes is high blood glucose, or ‘blood sugar’ as it is commonly called. This is because of the body’s failure to produce the correct amounts of insulin, which is a chemical used to convert the glucose (sugar) into fuel.

When insulin levels are down, glucose levels are up and this can cause serious damage. Diabetes, and even borderline diabetes problems are kidney failure, blindness, heart disease, and nerve damage. All of which cause a painful life in the end. So how do you detect diabetes or pre-diabetes and stop or reverse it?

What is prediabetesWhat is Pre-Diabetes?

People with pre-diabetes have higher than average blood sugars levels but are not at high enough levels to be diagnosed with diabetes. Still the high amounts can still cause damage. Pre-diabetes gives you a large chance of developing borderline type 2 diabetes. This makes you highly susceptible to strokes and heart disease. There are two tests that the doctor may give you if diabetes or pre-diabetes is suspected.

The fasting glucose test and glucose tolerance test are used to determine if you have it.

Borderline diabetes symptoms should be known and a talk with your doctor may inform you more. If you suspect that you have diabetes or pre-diabetes talk to your doctor and get tested!

79 million people in the United States have pre-diabetes and many people will develop type two diabetes because of their lack of knowledge. Much of this could be stopped if people knew what to look for and would talk to their doctor. Once you have noticed your borderline diabetes symptoms you can talk to your doctor and see how to reverse it. A borderline diabetes diet may bring you back to normal levels and keep you from getting type 2 diabetes.

So learn more about borderline diabetes symptoms and ask the doctor if you’re at risk for pre-diabetes.

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Diabetic Diet Facts

The food you choose to eat, can be powerfully important for your overall health and well being.Your diet can make an enormous difference to cholesterol, blood pressure and blood glucose levels.

 The diabetic meal plan is designed to help control blood sugar levels, the less fluctuation, especially rapid release of glucose in the blood is an important aspect of blood sugar control in patients with diabetes mellitus.
It was once thought that the diabetes diet was focused mainly around just cutting out sugar from your diet. However more recently it seems the recommendations for a good diabetic diet focus on a more healthy eating plan high in fibre and low in saturated fats, including a moderate amount of whole grain carbohydrates.
Moreover, a small amount of sugar isn’t a problem, as we now understand that the foods rich in starchy carbohydrates cause more of an increase in blood sugar levels than does sugar.

Some Interesting FACTS to help with Diabetic Meal Planning

diabetic diet facts 1. A good diabetic diet should be a balanced meal plan tailored to your needs, tastes, lifestyles and activity level while aiming to provide all the diabetic needs while keeping the blood sugar as near normal as possible.
2. Not all so called “sugar free” foods are calorie free. There really is a lot of ‘marketing gimmicks’ out there. Some food products that are labeled sugar free, also contain carbohydrates which is in the form of starch. This will certainly increase your blood glucose levels. Choose starchy foods such as whole grains, as they are high in fibre.

3.  Fat Facts!  Fat doesn’t directly impact blood glucose levels, however if your meal does contain a large amount of fat, this can certainly cause the stomach to empty at a much slower rate and slow down the digestion of carbohydrates. Your blood glucose levels will stay higher for longer, which in turn makes it more difficult to keep your levels within the desired range.

4. When you are experiencing a Hypoglycemia episode, don’t treat that as a good excuse to just go eating your favorite sweet treats uncontrollably. This will cause your blood glucose levels to spike.

If you experience Hypoglycemia, it should be treated with approximately 15-20 g of carbohydrates (This would be for a reading of <4.9 mmol/L. Best to choose a fast acting carb – for instance jellied sweets, soda or juice.

5.  Can I eat more protein, but cut down on carbohydrate? If you eat an excessive amount of anything, ie protein, you will also increase the level of fat that you consume and undoubtedly gain weight.

6.  Diabetics should certainly eat fruits. Fruits are very good sources of fibre, antioxident vitamins and minerals, although they do contain carbohydrates. Aim for just 2 pieces of fresh fruit per day. (not canned)

Remember that a key objective of a diabetic diet is to reduce weight and keep it off, so a well planned diet is vital for the treatment of diabetes. Moreover, losing weight may not cure your diabetes, but will certainly help to control your levels which will improve your insulin resistance.

Have you ever tried Acupuncture to help your diabetes?

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