Archive | Diabetes Information

Best Blood Glucose Meters 2019

Blood glucose meters are small portable devices which are designed used to monitor blood sugar levels. Using a glucometer, patients are able to manage diabetes better by tracking the fluctuations in their blood sugar levels. There are two main types of glucose meters:

CGM(Continuous glucose meter) and there is the manual BGM(Blood glucose meter).

Factors to Consider when Purchasing a Blood Glucose Meter

  • Accuracy

Some glucometers are more accurate than others therefore it’s important to confirm the accuracy of a glucometer before purchasing it. This also helps prevent false readings of your blood sugar level which may have adverse effects in the long-term.

  • Cost of the Glucose Meter

Be sure to purchase a blood glucose meter which is within your budget. It’s also important to consider features such as Bluetooth and smartphone compatibility with excellent data management features.

  • Cost and availability of the test strips

Check the long-term cost of test strip since they are usually the most expensive part of using blood glucose meters. A glucometer may be expensive but its cheap test strips may be affordable and vice versa. It’s also important to choose a meter whose test strips are widely available. Remember, some test strips are only available in online stores which aren’t ideal for emergencies.

  • Data management and connectivity

Choose a glucometer with a good data management system which provides you and your doctor with relevant information required for proper management of diabetes in order to minimize potential adverse long-term health effects. It’s also important to check whether your glucometer can transfer data to other and its ease of use. Mobile applications are better than desktop software because Bluetooth allows your glucometer to instantly transfer your readings to the data management system on your phone. Using some desktop software can be daunting largely because you have to access a computer and use a USB cable for connection. Mobile applications also make it easy to add notes from your phone immediately after taking a blood test which gives you an accurate assessment of your condition.

  • Insurance cover

Since the long-term cost of operating a Glucometer can be high, there are insurance plans which cover the costs of the glucose meter and test strips. One of the potential downsides of using insurance to cover costs associated with purchasing and using a glucometer is that the plan might dictate the specific brands which patients should use. Therefore, you should contact your insurance provider about what brands are covered under your insurance plan to check whether your preferred brand is included. Let’s explore some of the best blood glucose meters available in the market


According to third party tests Contour Next One has an accuracy of 99%. Despite having a small display, it features Bluetooth compatibility and also comes with a companion application which allows you to sync readings to your phone. It also allows you to make notes which make data management very easy and you can easily track your readings and trend. Contour Next One also one of the most affordable glucometers in the market and its test strips are widely available in most online stores and pharmacies.


FORA 6 Connect is one of the best glucometers for insulin-dependent diabetics. The glucometer features a big display which is easy to read. This multi-functional Glucometer is compatible with strips for measuring both blood sugar and ketones which makes it ideal especially for insulin-dependent diabetics. FORA 6 Connect is a great device for diabetes patients who are following a keto diet because it aids in effective management of their blood glucose levels. Despite being affordable, this glucose meter is only available in select stores. The meter features a companion application called the iFORA HM App and using the Bluetooth functionality, patients are able to sync readings. The application is easy to use and you can also add notes to specific readings. It also displays data form of graphs and charts for quick and easy analysis.


This is a great glucometer for diabetics with poor eyesight because it has a voice feature which reads out readings to users. The voice feature also helps users navigate through other features without relying on the display. The voice guide is loud and easily understandable. Its test strips are quite affordable and it also features a companion application which allows users to sync their readings. The app comes with excellent data management features.


This is the best glucometer for value largely because its test strips are affordable and easily available. True Metrix Air features a companion app that allows users to sync data via Bluetooth. Its long run costs are also considerably lower compared to other blood glucose meters.


This is the best glucometer when it comes to data management. Despite being compatible with Android devices, users must download its companion app. However, it’s quite convenient to use because it does not require a USB cable to connect to the computer or Bluetooth connectivity to connect to your smartphone.  It is ideal for data management and the display size is determined by the size of your smartphone’s screen. The dario companion app is well designed and user-friendly. The app is also designed to display large figures in different colors for easy and quick analysis.


One Touch Ultra Mini is the best compact blood sugar meter. It’s an excellent choice for diabetics who are looking for a discreet and compact glucometer to tuck into their pocket or purse.

Since there are many different factors that affect blood sugar levels, it’s essential to keep track of the fluctuating blood sugar levels. Blood glucose meters help diabetes patients manage the condition better and prevent serious complications such as nerve damage (neuropathy), kidney problems and blindness.



Recent Advances in Diabetes Research

Diabetic Research News!

Scientists have been working on new techniques that have made this an exciting time in diabetes research. Previously, we only had a few promising approaches to finding a cure for diabetes. Now we have numerous possibilities related to prevention and even a cure for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

      1.  Insulin Producing Stem Cell Implants

In July 2017, ViaCyte, a California-based company began clinical trials which involve implanting type 1 diabetes (T1D) patients with the company’s PEC-Direct device. These credit card-sized implants carry cells that are derived from stem cells which are designed to mature into specialized pancreas cells. The implants are placed just below the patient’s skin and are designed to release insulin automatically whenever necessary. The hope is that when these cells mature, they’ll take the place of daily insulin injections by producing insulin when needed.

      2.  Existing Drug may Prevent onset of Type 1 Diabetes

Recent Advances in Diabetes Research 2018Scientists from Florida and Colorado have found that a common blood pressure medication could prevent and even treat type 1 diabetes. While the cause of type 1 diabetes remains a mystery, researchers have found that around 60% of people who are at risk of developing T1D possess a molecule known as DQ8 which previous studies have linked to the onset of T1D. Therefore, researchers believe that blocking specifically the DQ8 molecule could help prevent the onset of type 1 diabetes.

Recent studies show that an existing drug known as Methyldopa which is often prescribed to treat hypertension and high blood pressure could also inhibit the DQ8 molecule without interfering with the immune functioning of other cells. The researchers have confirmed their findings in a clinical trial of 20 type 1 diabetes patients. According to the researchers, these findings could have major implications on both the prevention and treatment of autoimmune diseases including diabetes.

      3.  A New type of Insulin-Producing Beta Cell has been Discovered!

Scientists have found a brand new type of insulin-producing beta cell hiding within the pancreas. This discovery provides insight into how T1D works and also offers new hope into even treating the disease. T1D occurs when the immune system attacks and kills off insulin-producing beta cells. Since insulin helps regulate our blood sugar, T1D patients are left reliant on regular insulin injections.

While type 1 diabetes can be managed effectively, in order to properly treat the condition, scientists need to find a way to regenerate beta cells and prevent the immune system from attacking them in future. Although we are getting better at understanding the mechanisms behind type 1 diabetes and its management, effective treatment for the disease has eluded researches so far. However, the fact that ‘virgin beta cells’ exist opens an entirely new avenue of research on diabetes and potential treatments.

      4.  A Radical low-calorie diet may lead to diabetes remission.

A new study conducted at GP surgeries in Tyne, UK and Scotland has found that a radical low-calorie diet can help reverse T2D (type 2 diabetes). Following a low-calorie diet that involves consuming 850 calories per day for 3 to 5 months helps decrease fats in the pancreas and the liver hence improving functioning of the pancreatic beta cells, which produce and release insulin. In the study, 46% of the 149 type 2 diabetes patients who followed the weight loss plan achieved remission. However, more research is still needed to help established why some people followed the diet program and lost weight but did not achieve remission.

Try the 5:2 Diet for Diabetes!

      5.  Transplant of insulin-producing islet cells

A 43-year old woman with difficult-to-control T1D had insulin-producing cells transplanted into the fatty membrane in her stomach cavity. According to the University of Miami researchers, the islet cells started producing insulin at a very fast rate, and after just one year she is doing quite well and no longer needs insulin injections.  The researchers are currently exploring ways to optimize insulin-producing islet cell therapy in order to use it on a larger population. This study offers a new transplant approach and is expected to aid research toward developing a new mini-organ known as the BioHub which would mimic the pancreas and act as a temporary home for the transplanted cells. This would help avoid the potential complications associated with using the liver for islet cell transplants.

Scientists believe that these findings will inform future research and help to make life-changing treatments and technologies a reality.

FDA Approved – Abbot’s FreeStyle Pro Bloodless Glucose Meter – Read about it HERE



What are Siren Diabetic Socks?

Siren Diabetes Socks To Help You Manage Your Diabetes

Consumer Electronics Show (CES) 2018 just took place and Siren Diabetic Socks scooped an award for being one of the best innovations.

In a bid to help people through the power of prevention, siren smart diabetic socks help detect problems before they become big ones. These socks help prevent foot ulceration in an effort to prevent and reduce amputations in diabetics through early recognition of ulcerative and pre-ulcerative areas. Thanks to these socks, you can easily keep tabs on any kind of injury and inflammation in real time, all from your feet.

Siren diabetic SocksDiabetic Foot swelling is common in both type I and type II diabetes and this can serve as a prelude to serious problems. Therefore, early detection is vital and this is where these cozy socks come into play. Siren Care’s socks use temperature sensors that are woven into the fabric to detect temperature changes. Co-founders veronica Tran and Ran Ma believe they’ve created a novel solution to a serious problem.

How Do Siren Diabetic Socks Work?

Temperature sensors embedded in the socks monitor temperature changes from 6 spots on the feet and transmit them via BLE (Bluetooth Low Energy) to a smartphone. The temperature at each of these specific spots is compared between your feet and if there’s a significant difference, you’ll receive an alert on your smartphone. This helps to reduce false alarms.

Data collected by the socks is stored on your phone and in the cloud in order to ensure that you can monitor your health from any source and from anywhere. Anytime the wearables detect a high-temperature difference, they send data to its companion smart app which will alert you to the potential issue and prompt you to check your feet. This could be as simple as a shoelace that is tucked to your shoe and you can’t feel it and you can easily get injuries from that.

How Long do These Socks Last?

Each wearable lasts 6 months and once you take them off they go to sleep mode to avoid wasting energy. Moreover, they can be thrown to the wash without destroying the sensors and their smart capabilities. According to Ma, the SirenSmart Textile technology can incorporate a wide range of electronics and sensors, including pressure sensors, moisture sensors, light sensors, RFIDs, BLE, MCU, LED’s, etc. seamlessly into fabric.

How Should I Use and Care for the Socks?

Siren Diabetic Socks are sold in a pack of seven pairs to ensure that you have a clean pair of socks each day. Moreover, the socks are waterproof and thus dryer safe and machine washable. You can either connect the sensor data to your smartphone or buy a Siren Plug that you can plug into a wall outlet.

The Siren Plug sends data wirelessly to your wearables to a team of professionals who will notify you of any injuries or potential injuries by texting or calling you. The batteries should last the six months you use the socks without need for replacement. You need to purchase another pack of socks after 6 months.

These socks are designed to comfortably fit your feet and guarantee the highest comfort. They are produced using Neurofabric technology and they feature a padded footbed that cushions the soles of your feet. They are also non-binding to ensure optimum circulation. These socks can be worn at any time with or without shoes just like a normal sock. They can also be worn when exercising.

Is the sock lumpy?

The anklet disk and embedded sensors do not make the socks lumpy because the temperature sensors are incorporated into the fabric and they are designed to send data to the Siren Plug or thee companion app in your phone. The anklet on the sock holds the BLE chip and battery. The anklet has a thin profile and is designed to cover the smallest surface area possible.

Right now Siren Care is calling for all interested parties to join the company’s wait list in order to be among the first to purchase and try their Siren diabetic socks.

Read more about : swelling feetFoot Pain, Smartphone Diabetes Management Apps


Non Invasive Glucose Meter Wins FDA Approval

Freestyle Libre ‘Flash’ Glucose Monitoring System.

The United States Food and Drug Administration  (FDA) recently announced the long-awaited approval of Abbott Labs’ FreeStyle Libre Flash Glucose Monitoring System (Bloodless Glucose Meter). This is a meaningful development both for the company and Diabetes patients especially in the United States. However, it was expected. Abbott is already marketing this new non invasive glucose meter and it was just a matter of time before the device received U.S. FDA approval.

When Can we Expect it in Major Retail Pharmacies?

Earlier this year, the company presented data from 50,000 Freestyle Libre users which show that patients are checking their blood sugar levels at least 16 times per day. This frequency is significantly higher compared to other monitoring systems. The high frequency of checking blood glucose levels is largely attributable to the fact that the FreeStyle Libre Flash Glucose Monitoring System does not require any finger pricking.

Since more frequent monitoring is usually associated with better health outcomes particularly for diabetes patients, you can expect high demand for the device in the United States especially after winning FDA approval.

We expect the device to be launched in major pharmacies in the United States by the end of 2017. However, IN the United States, FreeStyle Libre Flash is approved only for adults with diabetes. The FreeStyle Libre sensor can be considered a ‘replacement’ for fingersticks because it provides real time readings and clear trends that are used for insulin dosing. Therefore, this device eliminates the need for any fingerstick calibrations.

In the United States, FreeStyle Libre Flash has three main differences:

  • A shorter wear time (10 days).
  • It will require a physician’s prescription.
  • A significantly longer warm-up period after installation (12 hours).

Outside the United States, the device does not require a prescription, has a longer wear time of 14 days and requires just 1-hour warm-up.

One of the biggest changes is the longer war-up period which means that when you insert a new sensor, it will not provide any real-time blood glucose readings for the first 12 hours. Therefore, some users must go back to fingersticks during the warm-up period. Therefore, it’s recommended that you put a new sensor on before bed in order to get through much of the warm-up period. The other option is to buy two readers, overlap sensor wear times in order to avoid going for 12 hours without glucose data.

FreeStyle Libre Flash is a Continuous Glucose Monitor because it collects glucose data every minute and displays the reading and trend arrow. However, it’s essential to understand that it does not have an alarm and it does not communicate continuously with the reader device as other Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) devices do.

The sensor must be scanned within 1.5 inches using the hand-held reader to get real-time glucose data. You can scan the sensor even through clothing making the process far less painful, visible and obtrusive than a fingerstick.

FreeStyle libre Flash is approved to be worn on the upper arm, is fully disposable, is waterproof (for swimming and showering), is not affected by acetaminophen (Tylenol) and can store 8 hours of recent data. Remember, if more than 8 hours have passed between scans, the device will only capture the most recent 8 hours of data.

This approval comes one year after being submitted to the FDA for approval and a year since FreeStyle Libre Pro was launched in the US. This real-time version of FreeStyle Libre will expand the US Continuous Glucose Monitoring market significantly. The lower price, small on-body footprint, pharmacy distribution, no need for fingersticks, and ease of insertion are all very welcome improvements especially for diabetes patients.

FreeStyle Libre Flash is similar to convention CGM devices in that it measures the glucose levels in interstitial fluid in real time. However the device offers various advantages such as lower cost and longer sensor wear. Moreover in contrast to other CGM devices, FreeStyle Libre is factory calibrated meaning it doesn’t require fingerstick measurements for calibration.

At the initial United States launch, the device will only communicate with the reader device and this means that it won’t support smartphone connectivity. However, we all hope that Abbott will submit the LibreLinkUP (remote monitoring) and LibreLink (android) apps for approval by the FDA soon. Most people are excited to see this version of FreeStyle Libre Glucose Monitoring System coming to the United States. Diabetes patients globally have responded positively to this device and it’s now being used by at least 400,000 people in more than 41 countries.

More on Glucose monitoring on your phone!


New Type 2 Diabetes Drug

New medication for Diabetes – What is Ertugliflozin?

FDA Approves Ertugliflozin (Steglatro) For Treatment of Diabetes

Ertugliflozin, which will be sold under the brand name Steglatro, is a drug for treatment of Type 2 diabetes. Although more than 30 million Americans suffer from diabetes, about 90% of these patients have type 2 diabetes.

Ertugliflozin is a sodium-glucose co transporter (SGLT2) Inhibitor. It was developed by Merck &Co and Pfizer Inc. and it is classified under drugs commonly known as glifloins. Ertugliflozin recently won USFDA (United States Food and Drug Administration) for treatment of type  2 diabetes.

How does Ertugliflozin Work?

what drug is used to treat diabetes Being a sodium- glucose co-transporter (SGLT2) inhibitor, Ertugliflozin works by increasing secretion of glucose in the urine.

It mainly works  as part of two fixed-dose combinations which will constitute – dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor sitagliptin (Steglujan) ; available as five milligram of Ertugliflozin per a hundred milligram of sitagliptin and fifteen milligram per a hundred milligram of sitagliptin ) to be taken once daily and with metformin ( Segluromet ; two and half milligram of Ertugliflozin per five hundred milligram of metformin; two and a half milligram per a thousand milligrams) to be taken twice daily.

For the drug to get approval by the FDA two trials have been conducted; the VERTIS MET and VERTIS SITA trials. These trials show that Ertugliflozin has been able to meet its primary goals and is actually able to regulate blood sugar in the patients who participated in the study.

VERTIS MET was conducted over a twenty six week period. It evaluated the efficiency and safety of the drug in patients with Type 2 diabetes. The study was conducted by administering Ertugliflozin in combination with metformin in comparison to taking placebo and metformin alongside those taking just metformin.

Patients who took Ertugliflozin had lower blood sugar, had lost more weight and had low blood pressure.

In the VERTIS SITA trial, Ertugliflozin was administered in combination with sitagliptin in comparison to placebo with sitagliptin. Lower blood sugars were reported in Diabetes Type 2 patients who were taking Ertugliflozin.

Do the Drugs have any Side Effects?

Patients treated using drugs in Ertugliflozin’s class, sliflozin, have exhibited a few side effects. One of the effects reported is a condition known as KETOACIDOSIS. This is a serious life-threatening condition reported in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes patients. This is a condition that also requires urgent hospitalization.

If Ketoacidosis is detected, Ertugliflozin (Steglatro) should not be administered again. Patients should undergo keen examination before Steglatro is administered. Before initiating Steglatro risk factors such as pancreatic insulin deficiency from any cause, caloric restriction, and alcohol abuse should be taken into account.

Moreover, intravascular volume contraction has been reported in patients using Steglatro. It can also cause renal impairment. Acute kidney injury has also been reported in patients receiving sodium- glucose co-transporter (SGLT2) inhibitors. Factors that may predispose patients to acute kidney injury have to be considered before initiating steglatro. Ertugliflozin (Steglatro) should be discontinued immediately if acute kidney injury occurs and treatment should also be administered urgently.

Renal function should be evaluated before Ertugliflozin (Steglatro) is administered. This is because Ertugliflozin (Steglatro) increases serum creatinine and decreases eGFR which causes renal impairment.

Serious urinary tract infections including urosepsis and pyelonephritis have been reported in patient treated with Ertugliflozin (Steglatro) in clinical trials. Patients should be examined for urinary tract infection symptoms and should be treated urgently.

Even though Ertugliflozin (Steglatro) has not been linked to increased risk of lower limb amputation, factors that may predispose a patient to lower limb amputation should be considered and patients should be informed about it. This is because it has been observed that there is an increased risk of lower limb amputation in patients using SGLT2 inhibitors.

A lower dose of insulin or insulin secretagogue should be administered. This is because Ertugliflozin (Steglatro) may increase the risk of hypoglycemia when used in combination with insulin and/or an insulin secretagogue. Other risks and side effects include genital mycotic infections.

European Medicines Agency is still reviewing Ertugliflozin (Steglatro). However, it’s expected to be available in the USA in early 2018.


Benefits of Chia Seeds for Diabetes

Several reports suggest that chia seeds are highly beneficial for diabetics. But, how does it really work?

If you have a loved one who is diabetic or you have been diagnosed with diabetes, you must have heard about the importance of exercise and diet for diabetes. There are numerous reports and evidence about people who have been able to control type 2 diabetes or at least improve their health by adhering to the right diet and exercise. Therefore, we cannot deny the fact that proper nutrition helps improve the health of diabetics.

What is Chia Seed?

Chia is one of a few complete protein plants and is commonly found growing naturally in Central America, Guatemala, and Mexico. It is also known as California Sage, California Chia or Salvia Hispanic.

Benefits of Chia SeedsChia seeds are very rich in minerals, proteins, vitamins, antioxidants, omega-3 fats and fiber. This is the main reason why it’s considered a super-food. This basically means that it’s a nutrient-rich food with numerous health benefits. More and more people are consuming chia seeds as they come aware of its benefits resulting from its nutritional value.

The number of people (including children) being diagnosed with diabetes worldwide is growing at an alarming rate. However, rather than resigning yourself to simply live with this debilitating disease, you should understand that there are ways to control and manage this diabetes and eating chia seeds is just one of them.

Chia Seeds Nutritional Profile

One of the main reasons why chia is so beneficial is because it’s rich in minerals, omega-3, vitamins, protein and fiber.

For instance 28 grams (one ounce) of chia seeds contains:

  • 6 grams fiber
  • 137 calories
  • 4 grams protein
  • 3 grams carbohydrates
  • 6 grams fat
  • 65 milligrams phosphorus (27% DV)
  • 6 milligram manganese (30% DV)
  • 1 milligram copper (% DV)
  • 8 milligrams potassium (1% DV)
  • 1 milligram copper (3% DV)

Chia seeds are also a rich source of antioxidants and they also contain essential fatty acids linoleic and alpha-linoleic acid; vitamins A, B, E and D; mucin; strontium; and minerals including magnesium, niacin, manganese, iodine, sulphur and iron.

What are the Benefits of Chia Seeds for Diabetes?

  • Improves Insulin and Glucose Tolerance

In a study in diet-induced obese rats, a high fructose, high fat diet was fed to one group of rats and the other group of rats was fed a high fructose, high fat diet along with chia oil and chia seeds. The group of rats that was fed a high fat, high fructose (sugar) diet developed insulin resistance, oxidative stress and glucose intolerance just like humans would if they fed on a typical diet high in sugar and processed foods.

However, the other group which was fed a high fructose, high fat diet along with chia oil and chia seeds didn’t develop such problems. In fact, it was the opposite and quite remarkable. Chia seeds helped improve insulin and glucose resistance and restore their bodies’ antioxidant system.

  • Reduce Diabetes Swelling – Chia Reduces Inflammation

Numerous studies show that inflammation is the main cause of many health conditions including diabetes. One of the main nutrients that have been extensively studied for anti-inflammatory effects is omega-3. Chia seed is rich in Omega -3 which comes from alpha-linoleic acid. Although alpha-linoleic acid does not convert to EPA and DHA (usable forms), as well as eating fish such as salmon, it still provides benefits.

On the other hand, chia is rich in dietary fiber which is also an anti-inflammatory agent and this contributes to chia’s anti-inflammatory power.

  • Rich in Anti-Oxidants

The high antioxidant capacity of chia seeds prevents the sensitive fats from going rancid. Anti-oxidants also help prevent oxidative stress and free radicals and damage to the body. Remember, free radicals damage body cells and lead to the development of various conditions. Chia seeds donate stable molecules to free radicals in order to make them normal once again and prevent further damage and decline in health.

  • Improves Cardiovascular Risk Factors

A randomized control trial conducted in 2007 took two groups of people with type 2 diabetes and gave one group 37 grams of wheat and the other group was given 37 grams of chia seeds per day for 12 weeks.

The group that was given chia had a reduction hs—CRP of 40 percent (an inflammatory agent that is commonly seen in cardiovascular disease), a reduction in SBP (systolic blood pressure) and a decrease in A1C. Reductions in CRP and SBP indicate significant improvements especially in cardiovascular risk factors.

Research shows that chia does not have any harmful effects for diabetics. Therefore, it’s perfectly fine to include it in your every other day or every day diet routine.

Check out some other natural remedies for diabetes here!


Symptoms of Diabetes in Toddlers

Diabetes in toddlers is a serious condition which occurs when their pancreas is not producing enough insulin. Insulin is a very important hormone in transportation and absorption of glucose in an infant’s body. This in turn leads to excess glucose and sugar levels in the toddler’s body. Signs of diabetes in babies are hard to pinpoint because it’s hard for toddlers to let their parents know that something is wrong. Therefore, as a parent you should be on the lookout for various signs that may indicate that your baby has diabetes.

Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes in Toddlers

  • Fatigue When a child is suffering from diabetes, sugar in their blood stream is not being converted to energy. Therefore, the baby remains constantly tired or fatigued.
  • Increased urination. This occurs because the child’s body needs to get rid of excess glucose and sugar through urine. You will notice that your baby may be urinating more than usual or even started wetting the bed again for older babies.
  • Excessive thirst. Body tissues of a child suffering from undiagnosed diabetes lose a lot of fluid. This leads to the baby having excessive thirst. Some may crave for sweet, cold drinks.
  • Weight loss. A child with undiagnosed diabetes may experience sudden and rapid weight loss. This is because the body can’t use energy from sugar thus experiencing muscle and fat loss.
  • Increased appetite. A diabetic child’s body is deprived of energy because of the low insulin. This registers in the brain as starvation so the undiagnosed child experiences the feeling of extreme hunger so he/she tends to eat excessively.
  • Eyesight problems. An undiagnosed child may experience blurred vision. High blood sugar level causes fluids to be pulled from body tissues such as eye lenses. This will cause eyesight problems though a toddler may not know this because they still don’t know what normal is.
  • Yeast infections. This may show up as a very bad diaper rash especially in girls.
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis. This is the buildup of ketones which are acidic by products. It happens when the body starts to burn far for energy because the child’s body can’t break down glucose due to low insulin.

Other advanced signs and symptoms of undiagnosed diabetes to look out for may include vomiting, stomach pains, fast breathing, rapid heart rate, low body temperature flushed face and loss of consciousness. It’s also essential for parents to check for fruity breath odor. Undiagnosed diabetes in a child can also make them irritable or even exhibit quick mood changes.

symptoms of diabetes in toddlersIf you notice some of these symptoms in your child you should consult a doctor immediately. This is because the sooner it is diagnosed the earlier the treatment will start thus increasing the chances of your baby to live a normal, healthy life.

What is a Normal Blood Sugar Level for a Toddler?

Diabetes in Toddlers Warning SignsRandom blood sugar test. This is the main screening test to check whether your toddler has diabetes Type 1. A sample of blood is taken at a random time in the day, not taking into account the last time they ate. A random blood sugar level of 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL), or 11.1 millimoles per liter (mmol/L), or higher suggests diabetes.

diabetes in toddlers warning signsGlycated hemoglobin (A1C) test. The A1C test gives an indication of your toddler’s average blood sugar level over the past few months. This test specifically measures the blood sugar percentage attached to the oxygen carrying protein in the red blood cells. An A1C level of 6.5 percent or higher on two separate tests indicates diabetes.

symptoms of diabetes in babies infantsFasting blood sugar test. You child will fast over night prior to this blood sample is taken. A fasting blood sugar level of 126 mg/dL (7.0 mmol/L) or higher indicates type 1 diabetes.


Worms for Treatment of Diabetes

Worms Could Be The Weapon In The Fight Against Diabetes

Parasitic worms (helminths) could help fight autoimmune diseases such as lupus, type 1 diabetes (TID), rheumatoid arthritis, and crohn’s disease. Worms are small multicellular organisms that reside in human intestines.

Rutgers immunologist William Gause published an article in Nature Reviews Immunology reporting that the presence of the worms through centuries of human evolution has led to humans developing an immune response known as type 2 immunity.

This immune response includes immune regulator pathways that control harmful inflammatory responses that can contribute to various autoimmune diseases.

 How can Parasitic Worms help Prevent Autoimmune Diseases?

According to the researchers, the immune response seems to have developed as a way for the body to rapidly heal wounds caused by the parasites. Components of type 2 immunity may be the future weapon for enhancing the wound healing process. This response also triggers vital regulatory networks that prevent harmful immune responses and inflammation that tend to worsen tissue injury.

The researchers now want to find a way to harness the components of type 2 immunity in order to target the control of inflammation that contributes to autoimmune diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease and diabetes.

Gause says that the harmful inflammation responses also contribute to other diseases such as metabolic disorders and cardiovascular disease. Inflammation has also been linked to fibrosis and allergic reactions that may be caused by titanium shavings flaking away from artificial joints and settling in the body.

Therefore, finding a new way to stimulate the regulatory components of type 2 immunity may provide a new set of tools to prevent and control harmful inflammatory responses associated with different diseases.

New Treatments for Diabetes The Hygiene Hypothesis

According to the study by Gause and his colleagues, helminth byproducts or even live helminthes may be introduced into the patient’s body on a short-term basis in order to train weak or compromised immune systems. According to a study conducted by Gause and his colleagues in 2012, the introduction of parasitic helminthes in mice for 2 weeks stimulated their immune systems to produce signaling molecules or cytokines which gave them protection against T1D (Type 1 Diabetes).

These findings mirror human experience especially in developing world where worm (helminth) infection is quite common but the incidence if type 1 diabetes and other autoimmune diseases is extremely low.

Best Natural Cures for DiabetesThis means that the low incidence of helminth infection in industrialized nations may compromise the development of vital regulatory networks that are responsible for controlling harmful inflammation.

According to Gause, the end result of this process is increased incidence of a wide variety of diseases associated with harmful inflammatory responses.

Therefore, if we find a controlled and effective way to tap the benefits that worms seem to provide to the immune system, it’s possible that we wouldn’t have to endure the tradeoff between inflammatory diseases and clean living.

Latest Treatments for Diabetes World-first Clinical Trial to Cure Diabetes with Hookworms

This word-first clinical trial will be conducted in Cairns and it aims to combat type 2 diabetes by infecting young overweight women with parasitic worms.

Researches from James Cook University are recruiting young female volunteers for this new research project in which hookworms will be used as possible therapy to improve the overall health for people at risk of chronic diseases such as diabetes. This comes after research in mice found that infecting the animals with helminth can protect them against diabetes by stimulating the immune system to release anti-inflammatory molecules.

The 2-year study will be carried out by scientists from the Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and JCU’s Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine. The study aims to examine the effect of hookworm infestation on young women at risk of diabetes in an attempt to replicate similar results in humans.

The researchers will inoculate young overweight women (aged 18 to 44) with hookworm larva and monitor their health through regular medical assessments.

According to Dr. Paul Giacomin, the worms are masters of controlling inflammation. He believes that this clinical trial is critical especially for determining whether researchers should start studying the active molecules that helminth release into the body to help control metabolism and whether these molecules can be used as a drug for preventing metabolic diseases such as diabetes.

The researchers also said that type 2 diabetes and obesity are increasing at an alarming rate in Australia’s population hence leading to disability and death from infections, kidney failure and heart disease.

Read about the Best Natural cures for Diabetes HERE!


Top 5 New Diabetes Devices Expected In 2017

The soon-to-launch diabetes products have made this period quite exciting especially in diabetes history. Progress is happening faster that we had anticipated. This new slew of products will make living with diabetes less of a hassle by improving glucose outcomes with fewer fingersticks and injections, less data overload, less math less worry and less pain.

New diabetes Technology 2017 Most emerging diabetes technology shows great potential in improving the quality of life for people with diabetes. We were astonished in September, 2016 when the FDA approved the world’s first sensor/pump system that doses insulin on its own. This new system known as Medtronic Diabetes’ MiniMed 670G has paved the path for new diabetes technology and many similar products. Most emerging diabetes technology and devices show great potential especially in improving glucose outcomes that really matter, among them hyperglycemia, time-in-range, A1c and hypoglycemia.

Therefore, we highly anticipate that this year will bring a number of milestone devices such as the OneTouch Via and the Medtronic MiniMed 670G system. Let’s explore some of the most exciting devices and tech expected to be available to the public in 2017:

  1. Abbott’s Freestyle Libre and Freestyle Libre Pro

The novel FreeStyle Libre FGM (Flash Glucose Monitoring) technology is expected to hit the United States market in 2017. The real-time version is already available in Europe and the Pro (blinded) version of the 14-day glucose sensor that doesn’t require any fingersticks is expected to come to the United States imminently. Once inserted, the sensor measures glucose levels every 15 minutes without the need for patient interaction or the need to do fingerpricks manually in order to calibrate the device. This will enable doctors to better understand blood sugar patterns. Abbott Freestyle Libre combines non-invasive technology with existing continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) and fingerstick testing.

Freestyle Libre also uses a sensor but it comes with a small hand held device to view trends and data in real time. Therefore, the system consists of a round white sensor that can be conveniently worn on the skin and a small receiver which is waved over the sensor in order to wirelessly pick up blood glucose readings.

This eliminates the need for test strips which can be very expensive. The Professional Version of Abbot Freestyle version received FDA clearance for doctor’s offices in 2016. The patient’s community is also quite psyched up because the

  1. Dexcom Touchscreen Receiver with Android capability

In a bid to improve the G5 CGM experience, Dexcom has submitted a handful of new exciting tools to the FDA for approval. These tools include:

  • Reduced-size G5 transmitter: The new transmitter will be smaller and more compact than the current version.
  • Touchscreen receiver: This is an upgraded version of what Dexcom is currently offering. The new Dexcom receiver will improve on speaker and durability issues.
  • One button insertion device: The prototype images available show that the new one-button insertion device resembles the Medtronic Enlite Sensor Inserter and it can also be operated with just one hand.
  • Next Generation G6 sensor: The G6 might be launched in late 2017. This will be a significant step forward in continuous glucose monitoring technology with 10 days of comfortable wear instead of 7 and one day calibration instead of the current two. Next Generation G6 Sensor will also have improved reliability and accuracy. We are quite optimistic given how fast the FDA has approved D-tech especially in recent years.

With the new Dexcom Touchscreen Receiver, android users will be able to view and analyze their CGm data on their phones via an Android app.

  1. Medtronic’s MiniMed 670G

This revolutionary insulin pump uses a hybrid closed loop system to obtain data from CGM in order to tweak the basal rates via the pump. Although the system is not fully automated, it eases the burden associated with the care and management of diabetes by reducing the frequency of low and high blood sugar events. Minimed 670G received FDA approval in September 2016. It features BD FlowSmart technology which comes with a new side opening to the system’s catheter in order for insulin to flow better.

The two openings help prevent insulin flow interruptions and silent occlusions, which cause high blood glucose but usually go unnoticed. It also comes with key changes including a smaller insertion needle, a multi-position connector for connecting the on-body set to the tubing and a sliding needle that prevents accidental needlesticks.

This first-of-a-kind system adjusts insulin delivery according to CGM values in order to keep the patient as close as possible to the set target (120 mg/dl). Minimed 670G has a color screen and vertical design.

  1. Tandem’s t:slim X2 Insulin Pump

This is a new insulin pump that resembles the t:slim. However it comes with a manufacturing change, a new two way Bluetooth radio and it’s also capable of remote online updates. Therefore, users will be able to add the new Dexcom G5 integration once the FDA approves it. Once Tandem’s automated insulin delivery algorithms get approval, they will also be added to t:slim X2 pump without paying an upgrade fee or waiting for years for a new system.

The Bluetooth radio enables the device to talk to multiple external devices, for example, a smartphone app and G5 CGM transmitter. The system also includes the predictive low blood sugar capacity which enables users to update their devices in order to allow that functionality.

  1. One Touch Via

LifeScan’s One Touch Via is a super slim, bolus only wearable device that holds up to 200 units of insulin. The device can be worn for 3 days and by simply squeezing two buttons you’ll discreetly deliver a 2-unit bolus. This on-demand insulin delivery system allows type 1 and type 2 diabetes patients to deliver meal time dosages of insulin anywhere, anytime. Reports indicate that it’s a water-resistant patch that allows you to take 2-unit boluses of fast acting insulin without the need for separate controller units. Expect to see LifeScan’s One Touch via by end-year.

There’s a lot more happening for the diabetes community in 2017 especially on the research and advocacy side when it comes to critical issues like affordability and access. We are fully committed to keeping you posted.

Turn your Smart Phone into a Glucose Meter!


Top 5 Benefits of Turmeric Milk for Diabetes

What Spices Help Lower Blood Sugar?

Studies show that turmeric may lower cholesterol and blood sugar, relieve pain, protect your kidneys and eyes, improve your sex life and prevent cancer. About 2 to 5% of this spice is the orange/yellow powder known as curcumin. Turmeric, which is derived from the root of Curcuma Longa (ginger family), has been used for centuries in chinese and Indian (Ayurvedic) medicine. Although turmeric tastes good especially with the right recipe, the taste usually has a bite to it. However, turmeric milk is a good option especially for people who are not curry fans. It is commonly used for improved liver function, digestion, pain relief, and for its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.

What is Turmeric Milk?

what spices help lower blood sugar, what spices are good for Diabetes Turmeric milk (golden milk) is an infusion of fresh turmeric root or turmeric powder in milk. It is commonly used in Ayurvedic medicine for specific diseases. Besides being easy to prepare, turmeric milk is also highly palatable because the milk takes most of the spiciness (the bold flavor) out of turmeric.

Curcumin May Treat Aspects of Both Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

A scientific study from McGill University and the Beijing University of Chinese medicine reviewed numerous studies of Curcumin. Amazingly, studies on diabetic mice and rats show that curcumin could improve Type 2 Diabetes through at least 10 different mechanisms, including:

  • Reducing liver glycogen production
  • Reducing liver glucose production
  • Stimulating increased glucose uptake
  • Increasing activation of AMPK
  • Suppressing the inflammatory state induced by hyperglycemia
  • Improving pancreatic cell function
  • Increasing AKT phosphorylation
  • Stimulating secretion of insulin from pancreatic tissue
  • Promoting PPAR-gamma ligand-binding activity
  • Reducing insulin resistance and increasing insulin receptor β

Human clinical research conducted on pre-diabetic and diabetic patients show that curcumin has the following benefits:

  • Improving beta cell function
  • Glucose lowering effect
  • Improved oxidation and utilization of fatty acids

How does Turmeric Milk help Prevent or Manage Diabetes?

Let’s explore the medicinal properties of turmeric milk and how they help treat and manage diabetes:

  1. Turmeric milk Counteracts Inflammation

Turmeric milk demonstrates anti-inflammatory properties by modulating activity of various proteins. The mechanisms involved include:

  • Down-regulating the activity of COX-2 by suppressing nuclear factor Kappa B.
  • Reducing activity of proteins and enzymes that promote inflammation.
  • Inhibiting production of various inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1 beta, IL-6, and TNF- α

These mechanisms suppress inflammation caused by diabetes hence preventing its proliferation. According to a study published in 2014 by Biomedical and Environmental sciences, supplementation with curcuminoids leads to reduction in proteins and enzymes associated with inflammation especially in diabetic patients. Therefore, turmeric milk is a natural anti-inflammatory agent that reduces inflammation in chronic illnesses including diabetes.

  1. Reducing oxidative stress

Oxidative stress plays a great role in the pathogenesis of the complications of diabetes and other macro and micro-vascular diseases. Oxidative stress is caused by imbalance between the body’s antioxidant defenses and the overall production of ROS (Reactive Oxygen Species). Reactive Oxygen Species are chemically reactive species that contain oxygen and are vital to the normal functioning of cells in the body. However, ROS levels tend to increase drastically under adverse conditions hence causing inflammation and cell death.

Diabetes causes increased uptake of glucose in adipose tissue and endothelial cells. However under high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemic) conditions, increased glucose uptake leads to excess production of Reactive Oxygen Species which initiates inflammatory pathways, causes oxidative damage to fats and lipid peroxidation (oxidative degeneration of fats).

Turmeric scavenges ROS, increases the level of antioxidant enzymes in the body and inhibits lipid peroxidation. This antioxidant property of turmeric reduces oxidative stress which is commonly observed in diabetes. Studies in humans have proven that curcumin is a strong antioxidant that helps reduce the risk of heart diseases and oxidative stress in diabetes.

  1. Lowering blood sugar levels

Curcumin is an anti-hyperglycemic agent (lowers elevated blood glucose levels in diabetes). A study by ghorbani shows that curcumin works in different ways to lower elevated blood sugar levels. Some of these ways are:

  • Stimulating production of insulin
  • Improving the activity of pancreatic cells
  • Reducing inflammation
  • Improving insulin sensitivity
  • Stimulating insulin utilization by the body
  • Reducing insulin production by the liver

Curcumin regulates metabolic disorders by acting on and reducing Adipocyte fatty-acid binding protein.

The same research group conducted another study where overweight diabetes patients were given 300 mg curcuminoids or a placebo for three months. Curcumin reduced insulin resistance index and blood sugar supplementation. Nano-curcumin supplementation also helps in reducing triglyceride levels, blood sugar levels, BMI and even glycated hemoglobin levels.

  1. Regenerate and repair pancreas cells

Recent experimental studies show that curcumin in turmeric milk is beneficial in auto-immune diabetes because it regulates the action of basic immune cells that destroy pancreatic beta cells that are necessary for the production of insulin. Besides helping lower blood sugar levels, studies show that curcumin also helps to repair and regenerate damages islet cells in the pancreas and this is very beneficial especially in T1D (Type 1 Diabetes).

  1. It improves wound healing

Curcumin is a wound healing agent which speeds up the wound healing process in diabetics even when applied to wounds topically. The anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties of curcumin help speed up impaired wound healing even in diabetic foot ulcers.

Turmeric is a natural antibacterial, antiseptic agent and a great disinfectant. Therefore, you can speed up the healing process by simply sprinkling turmeric powder on wounds. Turmeric milk helps heal wounds from the inside too.

Although curcumin offers numerous benefits for diabetes, it is rather hard for the body to absorb. Moreover, it is easily cleared from the body. Adding black pepper to turmeric milk is highly beneficial because it contains piperine which keeps curcumin in the body longer.

More Homeopathic Treatments for Diabetes.

What Spices help lower Blood Sugar.