Archive | Diabetes Care

Blood Sugar Levels, Diabetes and You!

The battle against diabetes in the United States is constant. Type 2 diabetes for the over 40 years category is more common because of increasing obesity which is largely due to the typical American diet. We eat more refined foods and fast foods and we are not getting the exercise that we need. It’s astonishing that almost half of the US Population, either have diabetes, or fall into the Prediabetes category. BUT the best news about this diabetes epidemic is that it’s almost entirely preventable!

Here’s just a few tips when Opting for Fast Food.

  • Make sure to check out the “healthy options” on the menu, when visiting the big take-out chains.
  • Noodles area great choice, but make sure you choose an option with an accompaniment low in fat, like veges lean meat or fish.
  • Japanese food is a great choice – there’s rice rolls with fish or vegetables, sashimi and sushi.
  • Always opt for boiled rice rather than Fried rice.
  • Try to avoid the sauces offered for salads and other foods – they can contain as much calories as the meal itself
  • Go for the wholegrain bread and roll variety where it’s offered.
  • Drink water, or a no sugar version of soda.
  • Avoid hot dogs, pies, pastries and fries.

More HERE on Healthy food for Diabetics!

Can Diabetes be Reversed with Diet and Exercise

In type 2 diabetes, just like with your diet, the exercise program you choose needs to have goals that are achievable, but also rigorous enough to provide health benefits. If you have recently been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, there’s a good chance you haven’t exercised for quite some time. So take it slow to start! Around 30 minutes per day to start is good – but if you find you can’t manage that all in one stint, then you can certainly break it up into 3 smaller sessions that you can manage.

  • Walking every day is a great place to start.  Just start out with 15 minutes per day and build as you start to improve fitness.
  • Try and arrange to walk with a friend
  • Try to increase your daily activity levels in general – by walking the stairs instead of taking the elevator. Parking a little further away from the grocery store and walking the extra.
  • Get yourself a pedometer to count your steps and motivate you to reach your set goals for the day.
  • Join a gym or an exercise class. This is good as  you will have a class leader to follow, and also there would be someone to help in the event of an emergency.

how to control diabetes with food and exercise

Managing your Blood Glucose Levels.

Just as regular exercise is an essential part of controlling your diabetes, keeping regular checks on your Blood sugar levels is equally important for type 2 diabetes . Take steps to maintain its range.

Use a Blood Glucose Meter to make random checks of your blood sugar levels several times during the day. There are many types of blood glucometers available. Choose one you like and use as indicated several times a day to record your levels.

Signs of to control type 2 diabetes with diet and exercise

  • The excessive thirst,
  • frequent urination
  • blurry vision.
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Headaches

Signs of Hypoglycemia.

  • nervousness,
  • tremors or signs of weakness,
  • fainting
  • Excessive Hunger

Stress and Diabetes

Can Stress Cause Diabetes?

Actually having diabetes in itself, is a major source of stress. Many diabetics have much higher rates of anxiety and depression, and learning to deal with this and reducing stress in your day to day activities, is vital.

Your body is essentially a hormone factory. Whenever you are stressed – whether it’s good or bad stress – your body releases different types of hormones to help you out. For example, it will release adrenaline to give you more energy. Along with these, your liver, muscles and fat will also release glucose.  If you have chronic stress you can end up with a situation where your body is releasing too much hormone, and too much glucose, too often.

Diabetes and Stress is not a good scenario. If you’re chronically under stress it can make it difficult to control your diabetes. If you are worried about things such as paying the bills, taking care of your children, passing tests, and other life situations, you could be harming your health more than you know with the added additional and frequent releases of hormones into your blood stream. Like drugs, you can actually get addicted to these hormones too.

Who Is in Control?

stress and diabetesIn Life, the Truth, and Being Free , the author Steve Maraboli states, “You must learn to let go. Release the stress. You were never in control anyway.” In many cases this is true, but in others you really do have some control over the stress in your life.

The trick is to figure out which things you have control over and which things you do not. A good way to judge is to determine who must do the change or action to make it different. If it’s not you, you have no control over it, and you must let it go. If it is you, then you have to face it and do what it takes to change.

Even if it’s something you have no control over, you do have control over your reaction to the situation. Learn to take time to assess a situation, determine who is in control, and then control what you can. If someone is being bossy or demanding, just react differently to it than you normally would. Take a deep breath, count to ten and move on. You can control your thoughts and your actions in a way that reduces your stress.

Stress and DiabetesIf you do have direct control over something such as your weight and what you eat, then it’s time to face the facts that only you can truly make a change here. If your poor eating habits are causing you to be unhealthy, instead of letting it add stress to your life, work on creating new habits one day at a time. Each meal or each day that you make the best choices for yourself and your health, you’ll be less stressed about that issue.

Stress and Diabetes: Steps You Can Take to Reduce Stress


* Learn coping skills – Read books about developing coping skills or, if you can, seek some professional help through a counselor or life coach.

* Meditate – This isn’t hokey, and it’s not strange; meditation and prayer are proved to keep you calmer, long after.

*Exercise – Moving around a little every day releases feel-good endorphins that can help you feel more at peace during and after exercise.

* Try something new – Sometimes it helps to break out of your everyday life to let go of stress. Join a local group, try a new hobby, take a class, volunteer.

* Breathe and count – During a stressful event, teach yourself to check your breathing. So many people literally hold their breath at all times of the day. Count to three (or ten if you need it) and breathe normally and mindfully.

* Relax – Take time each day to just relax, read a good book, watch a TV show or documentary and just be.

By incorporating these things into your life and being aware of who exactly is in control of your life, you will go far in reducing the stress in your life and at the same time, reducing the effects of stress on diabetes.


6 Signs of Childhood Diabetes

Diabetes is an increasingly prevalent chronic disease among children. However, recognizing the symptoms of diabetes is a challenge for most parents.  Childhood

Signs of Childhood Diabetesdiabetes might not be recognized until the child is very ill primarily because the changes are usually subtle and the onset is quite slow. Although discovering that your child is suffering from diabetes can be distressing for any parent, it is better to find out early enough than to miss the signs of diabetes completely.

What are the signs of diabetes in children?

  1. Unquenchable Thirst

Children with undiagnosed diabetes are constantly thirsty.Signs of diabetes in children This is mainly because as blood glucose builds up in the bloodstream, more fluid is pulled from the body tissues. Moreover, these children may crave cold drinks and sweets. In case the water in the blood is not sufficient, the body extracts water from surrounding tissues. Therefore, the body becomes dehydrated and the thirst mechanism kicks in.

  1. Frequent Urination

The urge to urinate a lot is one of the most common early signs of childhood diabetes. In this case your child goes to the restroom more often than normal or starts wetting the bed all of a sudden even though they were toilet trained before. Since the child is drinking more, they will also visit the restroom more. However, there can be other reasons for frequent urination such as the inability of the child to empty the bladder completely, urinary tract infection or Daytime Urinary Frequency Syndrome which is formally known as Pollakiuria.

  1. Rapid Loss in Weight

This is an extreme symptom of diabetes in children mainly because children rarely lose weight. In this case, the child still loses weight even when they continuously consume plenty of food. Weight loss is usually caused by inadequate supply of energy in the body. Therefore, the body extracts energy from reserved fat stores. Besides making the immune system weaker, excessive weight loss in children might also result in weakness and tired feelings. Drastic weight loss in children is a very dangerous sign whether diabetes is involved or not and the child should be taken to the doctor immediately.

  1. Yeast Infection

Excessive weight loss makes the immune system weaker and prone to plenty of infections. The child might develop rashes on the skin due to yeast infection. Therefore, it is vital to give your child plenty of water to drink and feed him/her a healthy diet.

  1. Extreme Hungersymptoms of diabetes in children

A child suffering from diabetes might eat constantly without gaining weight. This can be attributed to inability of the body to utilize food and in effect the food simply flows through the child’s digestive system.

  1. Blurred Vision

The decreased level of fluid in the blood and body tissues including the eye lenses might create vision difficulties. This might cause various eyesight problems including blurred vision. Unfortunately, the child might be unable to detect or even complain about problems with their eyesight.

Untreated diabetes might have serious consequences for the child. Some of the short term risks include hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), hyperglycemia (high blood sugar), and increased ketones in urine (ketoneacidosis). Some of the lifelong or long term risks include; nerve and vascular damage, amputations, blindness, and increased risk of stroke and heart attack. Besides identifying the signs of diabetes in children, it is also the parents’ responsibility to ensure that the child gets proper diagnosis and also takes medication as instructed by the doctor.

Other Signs of Childhood Diabetes

diabetes in children

Signs of Diabetes in Children

Breath that smells sweet and like fruit is one of the warning signs of childhood diabetes. This symptom can also be sneaky in that it may be explained absent from the fruity flavored toothpastes that youngsters use as of late or from the nutritious fruit snacks that they’re fed. The sweet scent of their breath is really a consequence of diabetic ketoacidosis, that is the body’s attempt to get rid of acetone through the respiratory system. Sweet smelling breath is often a signal that poisonous ketones (acid by-products of fats being broken down for power) are constructing up inside the entire body. This symptom out of many signs of childhood diabetes is really a indicator that they urgently demand diabetes medication.

Get Childhood Diabetes under Control!

Good eating habits and regular exercise, even for your children (and for yourselves as role models) goes a very long way to stabilising Childhood Diabetes.

What are signs of Diabetes in Children


Homeopathic Treatment for Diabetes

There are many home remedies for diabetes, and herbal supplements for diabetes type 2, (some you may never have heard of!) Diabetes mellitus mainly Home remedies for diabetes, homeopathic treatment for diabetesaffects the blood glucose levels and utilization of glucose as energy in the body. Glucose is vital for building up muscles and it also acts as fuel for numerous brain functions. However, the blood glucose level is usually high in diabetic conditions and it might cause serious health problems or even death. Homeopathy is one of the treatments for diabetes and it can improve the health of patients and also aid in achieving control over the blood glucose level.

Some of the most Effective Natural Remedies for Diabetes include:

 Uranium nitrate

The use of uranium nitrate as a Homeopathic treatment for diabetes originated due to dyspepsia. The signs and symptoms of dyspepsia include; polyuria, home remedies for diabetes, home medicine for diabetespolydipsia, dry skin and dryness in the mouth. Uranium nitrate lessens the sugar level in urine and also reduces frequent urination. However, people under this treatment will feel thirsty frequently and also experience an increased appetite. Despite the increased food consumption, such individuals will still lose weight. Fatigue is also common for patients under this treatment. An example of this treatment method is Syzygium jambolanum. However, it is vital to consult a homeopathic doctor in order to ensure that this treatment suits your body and the stage your diabetes is at.


Phosphorus is another one of the home remedies for diabetes – very beneficial for pancreatic disorders including diabetes. This treatment is also very useful when diabetes occurs with other conditions including tuberculosis and gouty diathesis. It gets rid of symptoms such as sudden dryness in the mouth, thirsty, feeling, emaciation and frequent urination. Examples of this treatment method in homeopathy medicine include natrum sulphuricum and arsenicum. Arsenicum is effective for reducing thirst and diabetic gangrene. On the other hand, natrum sulphuricum is used for hydrogenic constitution and dry mouth.

Use of lactic acid in Homeopathic Treatment for Diabetes.

This homeopathic treatment  method is highly effective in treating diabetes that is associated with any gastro-hepatic conditions. Symptoms such as

  • constant and frequent hunger,
  • thirst with nausea and
  • frequent urination, show that patients need this treatment.natural remedies for diabetes This homeopathic remedy reduces chronic pain, dryness in the mouth and dryness in the skin which are typical symptoms for gastro-hepatic diabetes. This symptom can be used along with acetic acid as well as carbolic acid to improve diabetic symptoms.


Long before the effects of insulin on diabetic patients were proven, pancreatic juice was often used to treat diabetes in homeopathy. The pancreatic juice should be administered along with water under supervision in doses of 10-20 drops. Supervision is very important in order to avoid overdosing especially in this treatment method. A small dose of pancreatic juice has a huge effect. Pancreatic juice is one of the best homeopathic treatment for diabetes.


Bryonia is a native European perennial  vine with red berries and white flowers. The root of the Bryonia plant is used in healing. It has a  bitter smell and strong taste.  Bryonia is also known as devil’s turnip.

Homeopathic treatment for diabetes, natural herbs for diabetes


This treatment method is highly effective especially for diabetic patients who are also affected by hepatic disorders. Hepatic disorders cause difficulty in eating which might result in fatigue and tiredness. Patients may also experience general weakness, bitter taste in the mouth and dryness in lips. The tongue will also become flabby and the patient might suffer from mood disorders as well. This remedy can also be used to treat various digestive disorders.

It is vital for diabetes to be diagnosed and treated early in order to avoid further complications. If left untreated, diabetes can damage tissues that are vulnerable to the effects of high blood sugar levels such as the eye, kidney, large blood vessels and the nerves. Remember, It is essential to eat well and take regular exercise for good health. This, along with the numerous natural remedies for diabetes will certainly improve and help to reverse your condition.




Diabetic Foot Pain

Diabetic Foot Pain

Diabetic Foot Pain

 Are Your Experiencing Diabetic Foot Pain?

Being a diabetic, many parts of the body get damaged, due to having too much glucose in the blood for extended periods. One of the main complaints of diabetics, I’d say would have to be the feet!  In a nutshell, the cause of diabetic foot pain is mainly brought about by two main conditions

1.Diabetic Foot Pain & Nerve Damage

Diabetic neuropathy (damage to the nerves) is a very common complaint which occurs in the legs and feet. Basically, this condition occurs as a result of the normal process of the disease.

This condition can be quite dangerous:

  •  you may not feel any pain,
  •  you may not feel hot or cold
  •  sores, ulcers and even infection may be present and you’ll never know as you can’t feel it.

How often do we hear the words ‘my feet are killing me’!

Well, those words may well be too true for diabetics, unless good care is taken of your feet and in turn, lessen the diabetic foot pain you are experiencing. There are many home remedies for Diabetic Neuropathy.

Diabetic Foot Pain Treatment

  1. Start by Checking the trend of your blood sugar readings over the past few weeks (has it been a little on the high side). You should ask your Health care professional, his opinion regarding an A1c test. This test determines your levels over a time period.  If your blood sugar levels are constantly high, this can contribute to nerve pain.
  2.  A good little gadget is a diabetic foot roller.
    diabetic foot pain treatment

    Diabetic Foot Pain Relief

    Just gently massage your feet by running them over the roller. This may help reduce the severity of the pain.

  3. Massaging the feet with some specialized diabetic foot cream, can play an essential role with preventing some of the problems.
  4.  Make sure you always wear good fitting, comfortable supportive shoes. You could also invest in some inserts for extra comfort.

2.Diabetic Foot Pain and Poor Circulation.

Diabetes often also brings about poor circulation to the legs and feet. Once again, this is due to high glucose (sugar) levels in the blood, and the effects this has on the arteries, veins and capillaries. Capillaries tend to stiffen and get thicker with extra fatty deposits – this causes problems with delivering correct amounts of oxygen and vital nutrients to the tissues.  (Peripheral vascular disease). Veins can swell up, when there becomes more blood they can cope with. Blood then pools into the legs and feet, sometimes even leaking out onto the skin.

diabetes foot nerve pain

diabetes and joint pain

I was visiting my Mom recently – she has problems with her feet due to poor blood flow. She bought herself a Circulation Booster and I tell you, the difference for her, was amazing!

How can I help Foot Pain from Poor Circulation?

  1. It’s a great idea to have a regular check up with your podiatrist – perhaps once every 6 months.
  2. Wear support hose, or get yourself a good pair of ‘diabetic socks’, for when you have long periods of sitting, or when travelling.
  3. If you are a smoker, give up!  If you are suffering from Peripheral vascular disease (bad circulation) you will definitely benefit from giving up smoking.
  4. EXERCISE EXERCISE! Of course the best way to improve this condition, is to make sure you get regular exercise. Walking is great!  If you can manage 20-40 minutes a day, 5 days a week, this will make a significant difference to your circulation. A perfect situation, is to make sure that you are walking quick enough to  puff a little, but not too much so that you have problems holding a conversation. To sweat just a little is also good. It means you’re body is working.You will have to make this a life change – a regular part of you daily life from now on.  If you’re not quite up to 5 days a week, just start with 2 or 3 and build it up over time.
  1.  Once again, massage is great and may also help to reduce diabetic foot pain.

Get the Facts on Prediabetes – Are you at Risk?

The Facts on Prediabetes, how to prevent diabetes

Are you at Risk?

 Get the Facts on Prediabetes.

So you’ve had a great Christmas vacation – spent some great quality time with the kids – been off visiting family and friends. Maybe you’ve even overindulged a little?

So much good home cooking on offer, wine, a few beers?

Does this sound like you?

Your wife (or husband) is nagging at you to go have a check up at the doctors, it’s been about 4 years since your last one! Lo and behold..he tells you that YOU’RE PRE DIABETIC.!

It doesn’t have to be this way – diabetes is basically a non-communicable lifestyle disease that (much of the time) is self-inflicted.

Well, read on if you want to get off that path to diabetes and get the chance to change your life NOW.

So, what are the facts on Prediabetes?

It’s actually a bit of a grey area, but basically your body is not able to efficiently manage blood sugars after eating any more. Your blood glucose levels are higher than they should be, but not quite high enough to fall into the Type 2 diabetes category.

How do you know if you’re at risk of Prediabetes?

Unfortunately, in most cases you can have it and not even know it! There’s no symptoms and no warning signs.

Being overweight is one of the main risk factors – especially excess fat around the waistline.

Without regular doctors checks, the increased blood glucose level that goes hand in hand with prediabetes, goes undetected.

Some who fall into the ‘prediabetic ‘ category, may also have some of the symptoms of diabetes. Here are a few of the main ones to watch out for.

Eye damage.

The most common type of eye damage for a diabetic, is retinopathy. (This is where the blood vessels in the retina, become week, damaged and may often bleed or leak.)

Some nerve damage.

This is referred to as neuropathy. About 50 % of diabetics end up with some nerve damage. You may get numbness, tingling, or weakness in the hands and feet. (That is why regular exercise is so vital, especially if you are diabetic or fall into the prediabetic category.)

Nerve damage can affect so many parts of the body, stomach, abdomen – These in turn can cause vomiting, diarrhoea, problems with the bladder and even sexual dysfunction in men.

Kidney damage.

Damage to the kidneys caused by diabetes, is called nephropathy. (From the Greek nephros for kidney). Once again, its raised blood glucose levels, higher than normal blood pressure levels and excess blood fat levels that contribute to kidney damage in diabetics.

Unfortunately, it’s hard to detect kidney damage and sometimes even an examination by your doctor won’t pick up until it’s too late – sometimes patients can lose almost all of their kidney function before symptoms are apparent.

Problems with your teeth and gums

You may experience problems with your teeth and gums, as increased blood sugar levels also affect the flow of saliva lowering your infection fighting white blood cells.

Remember to brush twice a day and have regular dental checks!

Heart problems

Cardiovascular disease (mainly heart disease and stroke) along with obesity and

How to prevent diabetes

Foods Diabetics Should Avoid

diabetes, is killing 18 million people a year – a large majority of these diseases are purely due to the modern lifestyle. Mums are out working now, fast food joints are everywhere, we are eating more food, more often and it’s a lot more processed, rather than fresh. Packaged food became much more attractive, cheaper and has a longer shelf life.

Do you have problems sleeping? You may be experiencing Prediabetes.

If you are one that only sleeps around 6 hours or less each night, and it’s a regular pattern for you, you may fall into the category of prediabetes. These are some of the things you could be experiencing that puts you within the prediabetes category.

The only way to find out for sure, is by visiting you physician and requesting a ‘fasting blood glucose test’.  If this reveals you levels are between 6.1 to 6.9mmol/L, then there may be a further test required where you have to drink a really sugary drink (oral glucose tolerance test) to see just how well your body deals with it. This is the sure fast way to determine whether you need some radical lifestyle changes, to prevent the development of type 2 diabetes. It may be as simple as just following a good diet for pre diabetes.  Follow this link for some tips on a good Diabetic Meal Plan. Be sure to visit us here again soon, where you can find out more on the Facts on Prediabetes.


How a diabetic Alert Dog can Help

Diabetic Alert Dog

 How a Diabetic Alert Dog Can Help.

For insulin dependent diabetics, I think this is such a great idea! They are often known by the acronym ‘DAD’. They are a service dog, specially trained to warn their human companion when their blood sugar is too low or too high. They can also remind their diabetic friend to take their insulin at the right time.

This of course can be very useful in managing your diabetes. A diabetic service dog also can help to save lives by preventing permanent health damage due to

  • seizures,
  • passing out, and
  • brain damage.

Diabetic Alert Dogs – smell great!

Pardon the pun, but in fact the canine nose has more than two hundred million scent receptors compared to a measly 5 million scent receptors in humans. Moreover, a large portion of a dog’s brain is devoted to processing olfactory (sensory) information. This makes a dog’s nose far superior to that of a human!  Diabetic Service Dog, diabetic therapy dog

Dogs can smell things that humans simply cannot smell. The training they receive to become a diabetic alert dog teaches them how to hone in on specific scents associated with high and low blood sugar.

When a person’s blood sugar rises too high, they produce ketones that can be easily detected by a trained canine nose, while the human nose smells nothing different. When a person’s blood sugar drops too low, they produce excess nitrogen in the form of urea that escapes through the skin pores.

This can be easily detected by a trained canine nose but not a human’s nose.

Common Breeds of Diabetic alert Dog

The most common types of dogs that become service dogs for diabetics are

  •  poodles,
  • labrador retrievers, and
  • golden retrievers.

These breeds are chosen because they usually have a good temperament, an extremely good sense of smell, and can be trained more easily than most other breeds.

How old you ask? is a Diabetic Alert Dog

A fully trained diabetic alert dog is usually one to two years old when they are paired with their diabetic friend. Sometimes these service dogs are also trained to alert a family member when their companion’s blood sugar goes too high or too low. This can be especially helpful with smaller children.

Sleeping can be a dangerous time for an insulin dependent diabetic because a sleeping person is unaware of their own symptoms of low blood sugar and high blood sugar. An alert dog can be a real safety net, especially for a young child. They are taught how to wake their companion up and signal to them if their blood sugar becomes too high or too low during the night. This is particularly important for sound sleepers who have extreme fluctuations in their blood sugar levels.
Driving is another potential danger for diabetics since blood sugar irregularities can cause black outs and sleepiness while driving. In extreme cases, some diabetics are advised to not drive because it can be too risky.

This can become quite frustrating, even just when driving to work, school, or just performing basic everyday life tasks, such as shopping for instance. However, having a diabetic therapy dog riding along with you can give you back your freedom!

Kids with diabetes are notoriously forgetful and or resistant to testing their blood sugar. I think the practice of adding friendly reminders to cell phones and social media services is a brilliant idea – but a lot of the time (like my good friends daughter)  even with these kid friendly technologies, kids just don’t like to test! However, giving them a lovable playmate at the same time –allows kids to take a little of the seriousness out of their situation. Takes the focus off the fact that they may well be chronically ill.

Training for a diabetic alert dog.

Part of the training they receive is obedience training so they can fit into a normal household without causing any additional stress. In fact, a diabetic alert dog has a calming effect and help to reduce anxiety in their diabetic companions. This is a significant advantage of having a DAD that is a sometimes overlooked. These dogs help their diabetic companions cope with the day to day stresses of living with diabetes. Since these dogs are service animals, they can go almost anywhere with their companions.

If you need more info or wish to find out about getting a  diabetic alert dog, please checkout diabetic alert dogs.


The Facts about Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes that mainly affects the eyes and it is the leading cause of blindness especially among diabetic (both type 1 and 2) adults aged between 20 and 74 years. It occurs when elevated blood sugar levels damage the tiny light sensitive blood vessels and tissue inside the retina (at the back of the eye).

Stages of diabetic retinopathy

diabetic retinopathy1. Mild non-proliferative retinopathy: This is the earliest stage that occurs when diabetes affects the circulatory system of the retina thus weakening the walls of retinal capillaries forming microaneurysms. Microaneurysms are small outpunches of the small blood vessels which can leak blood and fluid leading to edema and swelling in the retina which result in small dot-like hemorrhages.

2. Moderate non-proliferative retinopathy: As the disease worsens or progresses the nourishing small blood vessels of the retina are blocked.

3. Severe non-proliferative retinopathy: As many more tiny blood vessels in the retina are blocked, several areas of the retina are deprived off blood and oxygen supply. In an attempt to maintain adequate blood supply, sends signals to the body to stimulate the growth of new fragile blood vessels in order to bring in nourishment.

4. Proliferative retinopathy: Once neovascularization (formation of new blood vessels in the retina) occurs the condition becomes worse. Proliferative retinopathy is mainly characterized by the growth of fragile abnormal tiny blood vessels both on the retinal surface and also on the vitreous gel inside the eye. If left untreated, these fragile and delicate blood vessels leak blood leading to severe vision loss or even blindness resulting from retinal detachment.

Signs and symptoms of diabetic retinopathy

Patients are normally asymptomatic in the early phases of diabetic retinopathy. However, in the more advanced stages, complications may start developing and the patient may experience several symptoms including blurred vision, distortion, floaters, and acute progressive loss of vision. There are also other signs and symptoms of diabetic retinopathy which include;

·Microaneurysms: This is the earliest clinical symptom of diabetic retinopathy. They occur secondary to outpunch of capillary walls due to pericyte loss. They primarily appear as small red dots mainly in the superficial retinal layers.

· Dot and blot hemorrhages: If they are very small, they appear similar to microaneurysms. They occur as a result of rupturing of the microaneurysms in the deep layers of the retina such as the outer pexiform and the inner nuclear layers.

· Flame-shaped hemorrhages: These are splinter hemorrhages that mainly occur in the superficial nerve fiber layer.

· Hard exudates and retinal edema: These are caused by breakdown of the retina-blood barrier. This allows leakage of allowing leakage of lipids, serum proteins, and protein from the tiny blood vessels.

· Macular edema causes visual impairment.

· Complexity reading due to blurred or distorted vision.

· Pain in the eyes.

· Distorted central vision.

· Abnormal patterns or floaters in the field of vision.

Who is at risk?

Diabetics (both type 1 and type 2) are at risk of developing diabetic retinopathy and other eye diseases which can result in severe loss of vision and/or blindness. This can occur much earlier and is likely to be more severe is a person’s diabetes is poorly managed or left untreated. Additionally, pregnant women who are diabetic should guard their vision by having a comprehensive dilated eye examination.

Treatment of diabetic retinopathy

· Glucose control: Intensive glucose control especially in patients with IDDM (insulin dependent diabetes mellitus) decreases the progression and incidence of diabetic retinopathy.

· Laser photocoagulation: This entails the use of a high focused beam of light (energy) to stimulate a coagulative response.

· Pan-retinal photocoagulation: This procedure involves the application small laser burns over the retina in order to spark the central muscular area. This can eliminates the blood vessels completely and stop the leaking.

· Vitrectomy: This procedure is very effective in case of tractional retinal detachment, long standing vitreous hemorrhage, and combined rhegmatogenous and tractional retinal detachment. Treatment of diabetic retinopathy is often very successful especially in preventing, delaying or reducing loss of vision. However, all these procedures do not eliminate the disease entirely.


Diabetic retinopathy can be prevented or slowed down by keeping all systemic parameters under control. Such systemic parameters include kidney function, blood sugar levels, lipid profile (triglycerides and cholesterol), hemoglobin levels, and blood pressure. Meditation practice is very effective in reducing and preventing stress. This helps prevent a rise in blood sugars. Moreover, Mindful and responsible food choices supports healthy blood sugar level. Yoga and exercise are essential in the management of the blood sugar levels mainly because it helps move glucose into the muscle. On the other hand, yoga postures can be modified to accommodate diabetic people.

For more information, follow our suggested link.


Good food for diabetes

good food for diabetes

good food for diabetes

Diabetics often times think that being a diabetic means that they don’t get to eat good food but that is far from the truth because good food for diabetes can be the same as anyone can eat, me or you. Good food for diabetes comes in a wide variety such as cookies, crackers, snacks, fudge and many other foods as well.

Eating high fiber foods is highly recommended to control diabetes. Good sources of soluble fiber such as oats, soy beans, peas, wheat and other whole grains have the added benefit of lowering LDL, or bad, cholesterol levels.

Some foods that are high in fiber can also do double duty as a good source of protein. Legumes like beans, peas and sprouts can be both a great source of fiber and protein. You can also snack on nuts such as peanuts, sunflower kernels, almonds and pistachios for good sources of healthy protein. Try to stick to the unsalted versions of these nuts however, so that you don’t ingest the extra sodium. Low-fat or skim milk and cheese are also healthy ways to obtain protein and calcium.

Non-starchy vegetables like celery, lettuce and spinach should make up 80 percent your daily servings of produce. Eating fruits and vegetables that vary in color daily will also provide different vitamin and mineral benefits.

All of these are good foods for diabetes because they are low in carbohydrates and high sugar which is a main staple item when it comes to being diabetic and safely managing your diabetes. Good food for diabetes is always a key element when it comes to being diabetic because with too much carbohydrates and too much sugar you can start having other medical problems that if left untreated can cause more serious and even deadly medical problems.


Diabetic foot ulcer treatment

diabetic foot ulcer treatment

diabetic foot ulcer treatment

Diabetic foot ulcers are the most common foot injuries leading to lower extremity amputation. Family physicians have a pivotal role in the prevention or early diagnosis of diabetic foot complications. Management of the diabetic foot requires a thorough knowledge of the major risk factors for amputation, frequent routine evaluation and meticulous preventive maintenance. The most common risk factors for ulcer formation include diabetic neuropathy, structural foot deformity and peripheral arterial occlusive disease. A careful physical examination, buttressed by monofilament testing for neuropathy and noninvasive testing for arterial insufficiency, can identify patients at risk for foot ulcers and appropriately classify patients who already have ulcers or other diabetic foot complications. Patient education regarding foot hygiene, nail care and proper footwear is crucial to reducing the risk of an injury that can lead to ulcer formation. Adherence to a systematic regimen of diagnosis and classification can improve communication between family physicians and diabetes subspecialists and facilitate appropriate treatment of complications. Thus, being why diabetic foot ulcer treatment is key with a diabetic patient and taking care of their diabetes as well as their neuropathy.

When it comes to taking care of your feet it is very important that even minor foot injuries and infections, such as cuts, scrapes, blisters and tinea pedis, can be unintentionally exacerbated by home remedies that impede healing. Diabetic patients should be reminded to avoid hot soaks, heating pads and harsh topical agents such as hydrogen peroxide, iodine and astringents. Gentle cleansing of minor wounds and the application of a topical antibiotic to maintain a moist wound environment can help to prevent ulcer formation.

Diabetic foot ulcer treatment is very key and important when it comes to properly maintaining your health and diabetes because to a diabetic a simple cut, scrape or infection can lead to amputation thus, being why it is so important to take care of your feet.