Juvenile diabetes means your blood glucose or blood sugar is too high. With type 1 diabetes, the pancreas produces no insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps glucose enter the cells to produce energy. Without insulin, blood glucose stays too. Over time, high blood sugar can lead to serious problems with the heart, eyes, kidneys, nerves, teeth and gums.
There are two main types of diabetes: juvenile-onset and start to mature. Juvenile diabetes can affect anyone of any age but is most common in people under 30 and tends to develop in childhood, hence the name. Other names for juvenile diabetes are diabetes and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM).
Normally, the pancreas produces the right amount of insulin to accommodate the amount of sugar. However, if you have diabetes the pancreas produces little or no insulin or the cells do not respond to insulin normally. Sugar accumulates in the blood, overflows into the urine and faeces from the body unused. Diabetes can be associated with significant complications in many organs including the heart, eyes, kidneys and nerves, especially if blood sugar is poorly controlled over the years.
Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder caused by the inability of the body to break down glucose (sugars) and store them properly. When the system of an individual is able to efficiently process glucose, it will be a backup in the blood of the person who creates more health problems.
More than thirty thousand people will be diagnosed with diabetes this year. An estimated 120 million people worldwide suffer from diabetes. In addition, an estimated five million people have diabetes that has not yet been diagnosed. Two types of diabetes exist.
Diabetes is a lifelong disease for which there is still no cure.
There are several forms of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is often called juvenile diabetes or insulin dependent diabetes. In this type of diabetes, the pancreas cells to produce little or no insulin, the hormone that enables glucose to enter body cells.
Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and was formerly known as juvenile diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the body produces no insulin. Insulin is a hormone needed to convert sugar (glucose), starches and other foods into energy needed for daily life. Discovering you have diabetes is scary. But do not panic. Type 1 diabetes is serious, but people with diabetes can live long, healthy and happy.
Without enough insulin, glucose accumulates in blood instead of going into cells. The body can use glucose for energy despite high levels in the blood. This leads to increased hunger. Moreover, high levels of glucose in the blood cause the patient to urinate more, which in turn causes excessive thirst. Within 5-10 years, insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas are completely destroyed and the body can not produce insulin.
Most people diagnosed with type 1 diabetes or juvenile, diabetes in adolescence. Although this is a time when the installation with your friends can be important: “I do not believe that there are different because of it,” said Ryan. More than 400,000 new cases in children and adults up to 24 years in the U.S. each year. And more than 1 million Americans currently living with the disease.